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Researchers identify a molecule that protects antibiotic-treated mice from an opportunistic bacterial infection.

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image: Similar Data, Different Conclusions

Similar Data, Different Conclusions

By | February 23, 2016

By tweaking certain conditions of a long-running experiment on E. coli, scientists found that some bacteria could be prompted to express a mutant phenotype sooner, without the “generation of new genetic information.” The resulting debate—whether the data support evolutionary theory—is more about semantics than science.

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image: Adjustable Brain Cells

Adjustable Brain Cells

By | February 18, 2016

Neighboring neurons can manipulate astrocytes. 

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image: Breast Milk Sugars Support Infant Gut Health

Breast Milk Sugars Support Infant Gut Health

By | February 18, 2016

Oligosaccharides found in breast milk stimulate the activity of gut bacteria, promoting growth in two animal models of infant malnutrition.

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image: Neanderthals’ Genetic Legacy

Neanderthals’ Genetic Legacy

By | February 11, 2016

Ancient DNA in the genomes of modern humans influences a range of physiological traits.

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image: Neuroscience of Early-Life Learning in <em>C. elegans</em>

Neuroscience of Early-Life Learning in C. elegans

By | February 11, 2016

Scientists identify the brain circuits with which newly hatched nematodes form and retrieve a lifelong aversive olfactory memory.

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image: Blocking a Stress-Related Gene Relieves Chronic Pain

Blocking a Stress-Related Gene Relieves Chronic Pain

By | February 10, 2016

Inhibiting the activity of a protein involved in the body’s stress response can ease chronic pain in mice.

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image: Turning Tumor Cells Against Cancer

Turning Tumor Cells Against Cancer

By | February 8, 2016

In mice, cancer cells genetically modified to express an anticancer cytokine home to tumors and can reduce their growth. 

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image: Aging Shrinks Chromosomes

Aging Shrinks Chromosomes

By | February 5, 2016

A study on human cells reveals how cellular aging affects the 3-D architecture of chromosomes.

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image: Mysterious Mechanisms of Cardiac Cell Therapy

Mysterious Mechanisms of Cardiac Cell Therapy

By | February 4, 2016

Injections of progenitor cells into damaged rat hearts may improve function, but not because the implants themselves are creating new muscle.

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