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As a medical student at Catholic University in Rome, Enza Maria Valente remembers helping her genetics professor, a priest in his sixties, as he struggled to calculate probabilities for passing on a genetic disorder. "I would just pick up the answer even before he finished the calculations," she says.
Despite her pedigree predilection, Va
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As a medical resident specializing in psychiatry, Karl Deisseroth was tired of being served neurotransmitter soup. Brains are intricate, electrical structures, so why is mental illness so often framed as a chemical imbalance? To him, it made more sense to think in terms of circuits. "Talking to a patient that's depressed," he says, "you get a sense that activity is not flowing appropriately."
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Although her research interests run the gamut from cell and molecular biology to nanotechnology and biomedical engineering, one organ attracts the bulk of Sangeeta Bhatia?s attention: the liver. Her mother, who grew up in Bombay, told her that the philosophers of ancient Greece and India considered the liver the ?center of everything.? Now the director of the Laboratory for Multiscale Regenerati
Soo-Kyung Lee rushes into her cramped lab at Baylor College of Medicine, apologizing for
her lateness?all of two minutes. She opens the door of a spartan office, large enough for a wrap-
around desk and a small conference table. The room had been carved out of her lab space she
explains later: "I wanted to have my office inside of the lab to have more interaction."
The decision is typical, according to colleagues. "She is