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image: How Plants Evolved Different Ways to Make Caffeine

How Plants Evolved Different Ways to Make Caffeine

By | September 21, 2016

Caffeine-producing plants use three different biochemical pathways and two different enzyme families to make the same molecule.

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Matching the immunological characteristics of donor retinal cells to those of the recipient can reduce the chance of rejection.

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image: Neonatal Gut Bacteria Might Promote Asthma

Neonatal Gut Bacteria Might Promote Asthma

By | September 12, 2016

Byproducts of gut microbes in some 1-month–old babies trigger inflammation that is linked to later asthma development, researchers find.

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image: Giant Petri Dish Displays Evolution in Space and Time

Giant Petri Dish Displays Evolution in Space and Time

By | September 8, 2016

As E. coli bacteria spread over increasingly concentrated antibiotics, researchers discover novel evolutionary pathways that confer resistance.

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image: One Receptor, Two Ligands, Different Responses

One Receptor, Two Ligands, Different Responses

By | August 31, 2016

Host and bacterial ligands that interact with the same cell-surface receptor induce different activities in human macrophages. 

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image: Opinion: GMOs Are Not “Frankenfoods”

Opinion: GMOs Are Not “Frankenfoods”

By and | August 30, 2016

It behooves the scientific community to reflect on the public’s “Franken-” characterization of genetically modified foods.

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The marsupials’ genomes show evidence of a rapid evolutionary response to selection imposed by devil facial tumor disease.

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image: One Antigen Receptor Induces Two T cell Types

One Antigen Receptor Induces Two T cell Types

By | August 26, 2016

Precursor T cells bearing the same antigen receptor adopt two different fates in mice.

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image: Streamlining the <em>E. coli</em> Genetic Code

Streamlining the E. coli Genetic Code

By | August 18, 2016

Scientists design a bacterial genome with only 57 codons.

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image: Exploring Alternative Codon Usage in Yeast

Exploring Alternative Codon Usage in Yeast

By | August 18, 2016

Newly discovered amino acid reassignment could have implications for certain biotech applications and RNA-based evolutionary theories.

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  1. How Plants Evolved Different Ways to Make Caffeine
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    An open-access journal is trialing a peer-review process in which reviewers do not have access to the results or discussion sections of submitted papers.

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