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AIDS Commission Needs Gay Panelists

By | June 29, 1987

EDITOR'S NOTE: In late May, the White House announced that it would not appoint an openly gay person to the president's new commission on acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Gary L. Bauer, the president's domestic policy adviser, said the administration was opposed to naming a member to the commission—recommended last year by the National Academy of Sciences—solely because he or she was gay. June Osborn, dean of the University of Michigan School of Public Health, organized a group o

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An Adept and Amusing Analysis of Science

By | June 29, 1987

Science in Action. Bruno Latour. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987. 274 pp. $25. Sacrebleu! This is science? Forget those preconceptions now comfortably a part of how you see science and the sociology of it, or how you see nature and society. Here instead we have sketches of Janus: on the left a graybeard tells us that "Nature is the cause that allowed controversies to be settled"; on the right, a more youthful half-face tells us that "Nature will be the consequence of settlement." A

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Chinese Explorations and Contributions

By | June 29, 1987

Science and Technology in Chinese Civilization Cheng-Yih Chen, ed. World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 1987. 352 pp. £55.70. This beautifully produced book is a collection of edited papers originally prepared for one of two conferences held in the summer of 1985—the 17th International Congress of the History of Science, in Berkeley, and the San Diego Workshop on the History of Science and Technology in Chinese Civilization. The 14 papers, a fair sample of current research, ran

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Farm Crop Research Bill Draws Praise, Scorn

By | June 29, 1987

WASHINGTON—A new federal agricultural research program, funded at $75 million annually over the next 20 years, has been proposed to "develop and produce marketable products other than traditional food and fiber products." The research program would be administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture with assistance from an independent New Products Research Board to be created. The law would require USDA to fund at least 15 research projects within two years of the act's passage; each pro

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Forthcoming Books

June 29, 1987

This list of forthcoming books has been complied from the latest information available from publishers Dates of publication, prices and numbers of pages are tentative, however, and are subject to change. Astronomy Galactic Dynamics. James Binney and Scott Tremaine. Princeton University Press: July, 640 pp, HB $75, PB $25. Reviews current theories of the dynamics and structure of stellar systems, such as galaxies and star clusters, and discusses how the observable properties of galaxies are chang

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Genentech's TPA Faced Tougher Test Before FDA

By | June 29, 1987

WASHINGTON—False assumptions, deficient data, lack of guidelines and a bureaucratic handoff all figured in a federal advisory panel's decision last month not to recommend approval of tissue plasminogen activator (TPA), widely touted as biotechnology's first "blockbuster" drug. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) panel's action stunned Genentech Inc., the South San Francisco company that had hoped to begin marketing the blood clot-dissolving drug this summer. The company said it hopes to

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Graham's Appointees Mirror His Credentials

By | June 29, 1987

WASHINGTON—In eight months as presidential science adviser, William Graham has built a staff that has extensive defense and technical experience but few ties to the mainstream academic community. His latest appointment is the Department of Energy's Beverly Berger, who took over April 1 as assistant director for life sciences in the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). She replaces Robert Rabin, who returned to the National Science Foundation after 18 months at OSTP to coordinate

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WASHINGTON—Operating with plenty of optimism and a shoestring budget, the non-profit Americans for the Universality of UNESCO (AUU) is working to narrow the gap between the United States and the U.N. agency it abandoned in 1984. "Unfortunately," said William Treanor, who serves as the organization's Washington representative, "under [the Reagan] administration we're pretty much a candle in the hurricane." The group's newsletter, distributed to 1,200 Americans and more than 2,000 persons ab

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Happenings

June 29, 1987

Benoit de Crombrugghe, chief of the gene-regulation section at the National Cancer Institute, has been named chairman of the department of genetics at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Hospital and Thmor Institute. De Crombrugghe's research has focused on the analysis and understanding of hereditary cancer and cancer susceptibility. He has been with the National Cancer Institute since 1963. In addition to his appointment as chairman, de Crombrugghe has been named to the first Paul and Mary H

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HHMI: Bitterness Remains

By | June 29, 1987

WASHINGTON—Behind Donald Fredrickson's forced resignation June 2 as president and lifetime trustee of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute lies a tale of budget overruns and unorthodox purchasing procedures that HHMI trustees and officials say stem from his wife's active and inappropriate role at the institute. "It's big and it's bad," said HHMI chairman George Thorn about the results of the six-month review conducted by the New York law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, abo

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