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According to numbers put together in August by the University of California, San Francisco, its School of Medicine’s fiscal 1988 support from the National Institutes of Health had reached the $110 million level While the official total for the year will he made by NIH, UCSF’s preliminary reckoning shows an $8 million increase in NIH support compared with last year. This in-house figure, however, suffices as a strong indication that UCSF will rank first among U.S. medical schools

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Why Scientists Shouldn't Cast Stones

By | September 5, 1988

European visitors to the United States often remark on the surprising power and influence of religion in this country. Religion in Europe is largely a private and individual activity. In the U.S., in contrast, religion continually overflows into politics and other aspects of daily life. We recently had a serious presidential candidate who claimed that God told himto run for office. And strong, vocal groups have been calling for such practices as school prayer and the teaching of Biblical crea

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'Drastic' Improvement Seen In Mass Spectrometers

By | August 8, 1988

Recent technological advances have vastly improved the mass range and resolution capabilities of mass spectrometers, while making these instruments more versatile and easier to use. “We can work with smaller and smaller amounts of material because the instrumentation sensitivities have improved so drastically over the last few years,” says J. Carter Cook, director of VG Instruments’ laboratory in Savannah, Georgia. Other improvements include advances in computerization t

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A Noted Biologist Traces His Own Evolution

By | August 8, 1988

TOWARD A NEW PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGY: Observations Of An Evolutionist Ernst Mayr Belknap Press of Harvard University Press; Cambridge; 564 pages; $35 At 84, Ernst Mayr is as active, intellectually engaged, and committed to the vitality of evolutionary biology as he was in 1942, when he helped launch modern evolutionary theory with the publication of Systematics and the Origin of Species. In a near half-century of writing essays since then, he has both reaffirmed his belief in current theory&

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A Tiny Biotech Startup Wages War Against AIDS

By | August 8, 1988

One of the most promising attacks on the dread disease was produced far from the meccas of biotechnology The message transmitted from the fourth International Conference on AIDS in Stockholm this June was bleak. Seven thousand of the world’s leading scientists had gathered to hear more than 3,100 presentations and to discuss what has been learned about the virus. “Not enough” was the answer. An estimated five million to 10 million people have been infected with the HIV virus,

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Also Notable

August 8, 1988

OLIVER HEAVISIDE: Sage In Solitude Paul J. Nahin; IEEE Press; New York 320 pages; $57.95 ($43.45 for IEEE members) Victorian engineer and scientist Oliver Heaviside “with no formal education after the age of sixteen, eventually came to be accepted as the intellectual equal of the finest scientific minds of the day,” writes engineering professor Paul Nahin in Betting the parameters for this biography. Heaviside resigned from his one and only job at age twenty-four. ... [He] knew th

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Articles Alert

August 8, 1988

The Scientist has asked a group of experts to periodically comment upon recent articles that they have found noteworthy. Their selections, presented here in every issue, we neither endorsements of content nor the result of systematic searching. Rather, they are personal choices of articles they believe the scientific community as a whole may also find interesting. Reprints of any articles cited here may be ordered through The Genuine Article 3501 Market St., Philadelphia, Pa. 19104, or by telep

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Association Briefs

August 8, 1988

The American Association of University Professors in Washington, D.C., has watched in alarm as Britain prepares to eliminate tenure from higher education as part of the government’s Education Reform Bill (The Scientist, June 27,1988, page 21). The organization has passed the following resolution: “AAUP notes with great concern the intention of the British government to abolish the system of academic tenure in all United Kingdom universities. We deplore the governments’ dis

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Bankruptcy Law Loophole Worries New Firms

By | August 8, 1988

How will startups get needed capital if the licenses they grant can be voided during court proceedings? WASHINGTON—Steven Mendell says he isn’t worried about the future of his company, Xoma Corp. The seven-year-old Berkeley, California, biotechnology startup firmed up its funding by going public in 1986 and has an agreement with the pharmaceutical giant Pfizer Inc. to help it develop a line of monoclonal antibody-based products to treat septic shock infections. But Mendell, Xoma&

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Surgeons know that some of the most painful, costly, deadly diseases could be prevented or reversed if only medical science understood the molecular structure of phosphated proteins and their interaction with calcium. No surprise then that Melvin Glimcher—who has been responsible for a number of extraordinary research breakthroughs in this area—would become the first person to receive the Bristol-Myers/Zimmer Award for Distinguished Achievement in Orthopaedic Research. Glimcher dir

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