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Washington Lobbyist Reaps Contracts and Controversy

By | June 1, 1987

WASHINGTON—Two years ago, having decided to create a microelectronics center to help the area's sagging economy, the Rochester Institute of Technology realized it needed additional funds for construction and equipment. Its president, M. Richard Rose, contacted the Washington lobbying firm of Cassidy and Associates. Last summer Congress specified that $11.1 million from the Defense Department's budget go to the institute for a variety of purposes, including the new center. Today, smocked st

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A Look Inside NAS Election Process

By | May 18, 1987

WASHINGTON—The recent controversy over the rejection of Harvard political scientist Samuel Huntington for membership in the National Academy of Sciences, which spilled over into a rare public debate, has focused attention on the academy's election process. It's an elaborate procedure, deliberately shrouded in secrecy, that repeatedly screens out candidates until a consensus emerges on those most worthy of NAS membership. it is built around a system that divides all of science into five cl

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A Reliable Summary of Science in India

By | May 18, 1987

Status Report on Science and Technology in India: 1986. Compiled by P.S. Shankar, S.K. Rastogi and S. Arunachalam. Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, New Delhi, India, 1986. 64 pp. This report, compiled by PS. Shankar et al at the Publications and Information Directorate of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research in New Delhi, gives an overview of the science and technology administration, activities and efforts in India. Essentially prepared as a conference paper, the report

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AID Grant Funds Contraceptives

By | May 18, 1987

NORFOLK, VA.—The Howard and Georgeanna Jones Institute for Re-productive Medicine, which pioneered human in utero fertilization and embryo transfer in the United States, has moved strongly into research on contraceptives. The Contraceptive Research and Development Program (CON-RAD) is supported by a large grant from the U.S. Agency for International Development, $28 million over five years. Some of the work is being done here, but about two-thirds of the budget is going into extramural re

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APS: Star Wars 'A Decade or More Away'

By | May 18, 1987

Editor's Note: On April 23, the American Physical Society released the findings of a special study group on the science and technology of directed energy weapons such as those proposed in the Strategic Defense Initiative. The 424-page report concludes that the technology for these weapon systems would have to improve by factors of 100 to 1 million or more before they would perform acceptably. The following excerpts are taken from the executive summary and first chapter of the report. The Ameri

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At Home on the Intellectual Range

By | May 18, 1987

At 10 I wanted to be a chemist, and at 16 a poet. At 18 I entered college as an English major but soon realized that I loved social science courses more than literature courses. In dismay, I consulted a college career counselor, who suggested social science as a compromise between a humanities discipline and a biological science. So I became a sociologist (though if the truth be known, I still hanker after biology and harbor a secret ambition to write a novel). After majoring in sociology I wen

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D Budget Impasse Heads for EEC Summit

By | May 18, 1987

LONDON—The summit meeting of European Economic Community leaders in Brussels on June 29-30 appears to be the earliest chance to resolve the longstanding deadlock over a new, five-year European research budget. The EEC's Framework Research Program embraces several collaborative R&D projects. Britain stands alone now in its opposition to the $7.5 billion budget suggested by Belgium as a compromise between a much larger figure requested by the European Commission and a smaller one proposed ea

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Forthcoming Books

May 18, 1987

This list of forthcoming books has been compiled from the latest information available from publishers. Dates of publication, prices and numbers of pages are tentative, however, and are subject to change. ASTRONOMY Flyby: The lnterplanetary Odyssey of Voyager 2. Joel Davis. Atheneum: June, 256 pp, $17.95. Recounts the frustrations and achievements of project scientists involved with Voyager 2's encounter with Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus. A Catalogue of Southem Peculiar Galaxies and Associatlons

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Fraudulent Papers Stain Co-Authors

By | May 18, 1987

SAN DIEGO—Young scientists unwittingly caught up in scandals over fraudulent research have found the experience to be a drain on their emotions and a stain on their professional careers. Interviews with nearly a dozen researchers whose, names have been linked to some of the best-known cases of fraud revealed that the practice of "gift authorship" has sidetracked academic careers, put federal research grants beyond reach and thrown into question other legitimate studies they have published

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WASHINGTON—An unexpected gift from the University of California has saved Issues in Science and Technology, the National Academy of Science's esteemed but money-losing quarterly journal of science policy. The university system's chancellors have volunteered a contribution of $150,000 a year for three years. The amount eases the magazine's $250,000 annual deficit enough for the Academy to rescind its decision to close Issues after publication next month of a summer issue. (See The Scientist

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