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New Semiannual Policy Journal

By | June 1, 1987

STI Review: No. 1. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Pans, 1986. $16 (£8) per issue; $30 (£15) for subscription. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) exists to promote consultation and coordination among Western bloc industrial nations. Examining trends and policy developments in scientific, technological and industrial arenas is an important part of the organization's activities. The OECD Secretariat collects statistical data and perfo

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Postpone the SSC Decision For Two Years

By | June 1, 1987

There are several arguments against the Superconducting Supercollider that come from outside high-energy physics. High-energy physics, an exciting pioneer field in science, suffers from Big Science syndrome: it requires massive efforts in human and material resources to further the acquisition of knowledge. Meanwhile, areas systemic research show great promise with only moderate expenditure of resources. Huge potential breakthroughs in the principles of accelerator building (such as the superc

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Report Urges European Technical Cooperation

By | June 1, 1987

LONDON—A new report on technical collaboration in Europe argues for its value to society but warns politicians that it cannot solve all their economic problems. "Do not regard collaboration as a panacea for all of Europe's, let alone the United Kingdom's, high-technology problems," write British researchers Margaret Sharp and Claire Shearman. "But support it, and support it wholeheartedly. Decisions about European initiatives for R&D should be taken on their own merits and not be subordina

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So They Say

June 1, 1987

Verbatim excerpts from the media on the conduct of science. Space Spectators or Participants? … there is no doubt that every scientist connected with space research is concerned with the costs of scientific activities in space and the consequences of the development of expensive flight hardware. It is the scientific community's responsibility to inform NASA of its concerns and to argue in national forums for an economically responsible program for scientific investigations in space that in

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Soviet-European Lab To Send Data Soon

By | June 1, 1987

LONDON—Space scientists from Western Europe and the Soviet Union are involved in what may be the most extensive extraterrestrial collaboration between the two sides in the 30-year history of the space age. The cooperation comes in the form of an orbiting observatory that is expected to begin transmitting data shortly. The Roentgen laboratory for collecting X-rays in space was built largely by scientists from the Netherlands, Britain, West Germany and the 13-nation European Space Agency and

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Spouse's Role Seen in Hughes Shakeup

By | June 1, 1987

WASHINGTON—The sudden and unexplained departure of Donald Fredrickson as president of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is due chiefly to conflicts arising from his wife's participation in HHMI activities that exceeded the normal bounds of a spouse's interests, say several longtime friends and colleagues. According to these associates, Fredrickson's wife has played an active role in certain affairs of the $5 billion organization since Fredrickson became affiliated with the institute in 1

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Taking Chances on Risk Assessment

By | June 1, 1987

"Risk Assessment," Science. April 17, 1987. Vol. 236. Pages 267-300. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C. In its April 17 issue, Science published six lead articles on health risk assessment. Although none of the articles carefully defines the subject term, all of them use it to mean structured estimation of probability and severity of harm. Actually, the articles focus more on social risk management than on the science of risk assessment. The topics covered are

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The Carrying Capacity Of Earth's Resources

By | June 1, 1987

State of the World 1987: A Woridwatch Institute Report on Progress Toward a Sustainable Society. Lester R. Brown et al. W.W. Norton & Co., New York, 1987. 268 pp. $18.95 HB, $9.95 PB. The Worldwatch Institute has performed a valuable service for the public and governments with the publication of this detailed report, State of the World 1987, which examines the interdependencies of human population growth, resources, the environment and the world economy. Lester Brown, president of the institute,

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The Case Against the SSC

By | June 1, 1987

I would like to lay out the scientific case against the Superconducting Supercollider because I think many of my colleagues who understand this case are hesitant to make it, not least because some of the arguments are two-edged. I am very hesitant myself, because I am not against the project, except insofar as it competes for resources which I see as needed more elsewhere. Let me organize my thoughts in terms of four slogans, each of which is aimed at sowing doubt about one of the myths supporti

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The Limits of Science for Policy

By | June 1, 1987

"If centuries are to be burdened with names, our own may bear the title of the century of science," write David Collingridge and Colin Reeve in their book Science Speaks to Power: The Role of Experts in Policymaking (Frances Pinter Publishers Ltd., 1986). As science and technology become increasingly important in issues of broad social import, how can science best inform the policymaking process? Historians and sociologists of science debate the merits of new agencies like the Science Policy Sup

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