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image: Taking Aim at Melanoma

Taking Aim at Melanoma

By | April 1, 2011

Antigen-presenting cells, such as macrophages or dendritic cells, elicit an immune response by displaying tumor antigens bound to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) to circulating T-cells. Simultaneous T-cell recognition of glycoproteins CD80

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image: Molecular Targeting of BRAF Mutations

Molecular Targeting of BRAF Mutations

By | April 1, 2011

BRAF is the most commonly mutated gene associated with melanoma, found in more than 50 percent of patients. The gene encodes a cytoplasmic kinase that is a member of the MAPK signal-transduction pathway, which is activated when growth factors bind to

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image: Where Cancer and Inflammation Intersect

Where Cancer and Inflammation Intersect

By | April 1, 2011

Recent clinical trials have reignited the interest in simple anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin for controlling the inflammation associated with cancer. 

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image: Epigenetic Changes in Cancer

Epigenetic Changes in Cancer

By | March 1, 2011

In cancer cells the epigenetic landscape is highly altered. Hypermethylation of certain stretches of DNA is the most well-studied epigenetic modification in cancer, and each tumor type has its own specific pattern. Histone modifications also occur, a

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image: Epigenetics—A Primer

Epigenetics—A Primer

By | March 1, 2011

Epigenetic events regulate the activities of genes without changing the DNA sequence. Different genes are expressed depending on the methyl-marks attached to DNA itself and by changes in the structure and/or composition of chromatin. 

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image: Stress and Inflammation

Stress and Inflammation

By | February 1, 2011

Stress and inflammation Cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease and stroke, is the single greatest cause of death worldwide and is a major burden on health services and society. 

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image: Death or Damage of Dopamine Neurons

Death or Damage of Dopamine Neurons

By | February 1, 2011

The hallmark pathology of Parkinson’s disease is the damage and death of dopamine producing neurons in the brain. 

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image: Intestinal Molecular Signaling

Intestinal Molecular Signaling

By | January 1, 2011

Microbes, both good and bad, can exert direct effects on host cells and vice versa. 

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