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» neuroscience, microbiology and evolution

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image: Image of the Day: Amazing Astrocytes

Image of the Day: Amazing Astrocytes

By | May 19, 2015

They aren't neurons, but in rats, glial cells in the brain called astrocytes (red) play a major role in repetitive motions like chewing and breathing.

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image: Fish Make Their Own Sun Protection

Fish Make Their Own Sun Protection

By | May 14, 2015

Zebrafish and other vertebrates have the enzymatic machinery to synthesize gadusol, an ultraviolet light-absorbing compound.

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image: The Evolution of Social Bees

The Evolution of Social Bees

By | May 14, 2015

Scientists describe the genetic changes associated with solitary-to-social transitions throughout bee evolution.

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image: Opinion: New Models for ASD

Opinion: New Models for ASD

By | May 14, 2015

The study of mini “brains” in a dish, derived from patient cells, offers a novel approach for autism spectrum disorder research.

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image: Maturation of the Infant Microbiome

Maturation of the Infant Microbiome

By | May 13, 2015

Gut microbial communities from breastfed babies are slow to resemble adults’ microbiota.

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image: Dino Snouts from Chicken Beaks

Dino Snouts from Chicken Beaks

By | May 13, 2015

Researchers tweak gene expression in chicken embryos that may have been crucial to the evolutionary transition from dinosaur noses to bird bills.

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image: Estimating Epigenetic Mutation Rates

Estimating Epigenetic Mutation Rates

By | May 11, 2015

Generation-spanning maps of Arabidopsis thaliana DNA methylation allow researchers to compute how quickly epigenetic marks appear and disappear in the plant’s genome.

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image: The Rise of Heads

The Rise of Heads

By | May 11, 2015

A 500 million-year-old brain fossil yields clues to the evolution of heads.

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image: Oldest Ancestor of Modern Birds Found

Oldest Ancestor of Modern Birds Found

By | May 6, 2015

Fossils of a new species discovered in China suggest birds developed 6 million years earlier than previously thought.

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image: Prokaryotic Microbes with Eukaryote-like Genes Found

Prokaryotic Microbes with Eukaryote-like Genes Found

By | May 6, 2015

Deep-sea microbes possess hallmarks of eukaryotic cells, hinting at a common ancestor for archaea and eukaryotes.

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