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image: Myelin’s Role in Motor Learning

Myelin’s Role in Motor Learning

By | October 16, 2014

The production of new myelin in the brain—a function of non-neuronal glial cells—may be necessary for motor learning, a mouse study shows.

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image: Turning Back the Brain’s Clock

Turning Back the Brain’s Clock

By | October 15, 2014

The brain’s ability to make new neural connections can be restored in mice by blocking a protein that normally acts as a natural brake on neuroplasticity. 

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image: New Genes = New Archaea?

New Genes = New Archaea?

By | October 15, 2014

Genes acquired from bacteria contributed to the origins of archaeal lineages, a large-scale phylogenetic analysis suggests.

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image: US Nurse Contracts Ebola

US Nurse Contracts Ebola

By | October 14, 2014

Despite wearing protective gear, a nurse at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas who helped treat the first US Ebola patient has tested positive for the virus.

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image: Lab-Made Insulin-Secreting Cells

Lab-Made Insulin-Secreting Cells

By | October 13, 2014

Researchers craft hormone-producing pancreas cells from human embryonic stem cells, paving the way for a cell therapy to treat diabetes.

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image: Fecal Pill Treats Gut Infection

Fecal Pill Treats Gut Infection

By | October 11, 2014

In a preliminary study, patients with recurring Clostridium difficile infections found relief from diarrhea by ingesting frozen fecal matter from healthy volunteers.

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image: Mom’s Mitochondria Affect Pup Longevity

Mom’s Mitochondria Affect Pup Longevity

By | October 9, 2014

Mitochondrial mutations inherited from the mother can shorten a mouse’s lifespan.

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image: Baby Born from Transplanted Womb

Baby Born from Transplanted Womb

By | October 6, 2014

A woman in Sweden gives birth to a healthy baby boy after carrying the child in a transplanted uterus for 32 weeks.

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Like the Mississippi child that was thought to have beaten HIV after aggressive anti-retroviral treatment, detectable levels of the virus return in an Italian child who received similar therapy.

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image: Modified Yeast Tolerate Alcohol, Heat

Modified Yeast Tolerate Alcohol, Heat

By | October 2, 2014

Simple changes help yeast thrive in the presence of their own harmful byproducts and could boost biofuel production.

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