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image: Gene Jumped to All Three Domains of Life

Gene Jumped to All Three Domains of Life

By | December 1, 2014

By horizontal gene transfer, an antibacterial gene family has dispersed to a plant, an insect, several fungi, and an archaeon.

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image: Microflora for Hire

Microflora for Hire

By | December 1, 2014

The guts of cows and termites harbor microbes that are renowned complex-carbohydrate digesters, but the human gastrointestinal tract has flora that just might measure up.


image: Polymerase Pieces

Polymerase Pieces

By | December 1, 2014

Researchers discover a new subunit of a bacterial RNA polymerase—as well as hints of its potential role in defending against viruses.


image: Viviana Gradinaru: Clearing the Way

Viviana Gradinaru: Clearing the Way

By | December 1, 2014

Assistant Professor, Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Caltech. Age: 33


image: Clearly a Mouse

Clearly a Mouse

By | December 1, 2014

December 2014's Scientist to Watch, Viviana Gradinaru, helped develop CLARITY, a method for making transparent mice.


image: Neuroimaging Graces Times Square

Neuroimaging Graces Times Square

By | November 26, 2014

A film showcasing stunning images of brain structures is lighting up New York City billboards for three minutes each night.


image: Brain Structure Rediscovered

Brain Structure Rediscovered

By | November 20, 2014

First described in the late 19th century, then lost from the literature for more than 100 years, the vertical occipital fasciculus appears to be important in visual processing.


image: Mother’s Microbes Protect Baby’s Brain

Mother’s Microbes Protect Baby’s Brain

By | November 19, 2014

Bacteria in the gut of a pregnant mouse strengthen the blood-brain barrier of her developing fetus.


image: Virus Protects Mouse Gut

Virus Protects Mouse Gut

By | November 19, 2014

A murine norovirus appears to recover some of the functions of commensal bacteria in the guts of germ-free or antibiotic-treated mice.

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image: Virus May Explain “Melting” Sea Stars

Virus May Explain “Melting” Sea Stars

By | November 19, 2014

Researchers discover a densovirus that is associated with sea star wasting disease.


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