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Scientists provide evidence that blood-flow patterns in six-month-old babies’ brains can accurately predict cognitive and behavioral markers of autism spectrum disorder two years later.  

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image: New Method Can Sense Babies’ Pain

New Method Can Sense Babies’ Pain

By | May 5, 2017

By measuring brain activity patterns, scientists can more objectively assess infant distress.

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Study of 81 six-week-olds who were born by C-section or vaginal delivery didn’t show differences in the structure or function of their microbiota, despite contrary results from other studies on babies. 

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image: Nascent Neurons Journey Through Newborn Brain

Nascent Neurons Journey Through Newborn Brain

By | October 6, 2016

Young cells make their way to the frontal lobe to create new circuits in the brains of infants, researchers report. 

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Examining the tragedies of several families who each lost multiple children, two teams of researchers reveal a previously unappreciated role for a mitochondrial enzyme.

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image: Early-Life Microbiome

Early-Life Microbiome

By | June 16, 2016

Analyzing the gut microbiomes of children from birth through toddlerhood, researchers tie compositional changes to birth mode, infant diet, and antibiotic therapy.

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image: Breast Milk Sugars Support Infant Gut Health

Breast Milk Sugars Support Infant Gut Health

By | February 18, 2016

Oligosaccharides found in breast milk stimulate the activity of gut bacteria, promoting growth in two animal models of infant malnutrition.

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image: Maturation of the Infant Microbiome

Maturation of the Infant Microbiome

By | May 13, 2015

Gut microbial communities from breastfed babies are slow to resemble adults’ microbiota.

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image: Sequenced at Birth

Sequenced at Birth

By | September 5, 2013

An NIH program will study the promises and pitfalls of sequencing newborns’ genomes.

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image: Clamping Cords Too Soon?

Clamping Cords Too Soon?

By | July 16, 2013

A review study indicates that clamping umbilical cords immediately after birth, rather than waiting a few minutes, may increase the risk of iron and hemoglobin deficiency in infants.

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