BY FRANK A. WILCZEK
School of Natural Sciences
Institute for Advanced Study
" The late Soviet physicist Zeldovich was renowned for the breadth as well as the depth of his understanding. He brought an extraordinary range of insights to bear upon his central interest, which was the fonnation of structure in the universe. One of the last papers that he published is characteristic of him: It contains miniature courses on turbulence and on the hydrodynamics of self-gravitating systems as a fresh discussion of the cosmological problems at hand.
S.F. Shandarin, Ya.B. Zeldovich, “The large-scale structure of the universe: turbulence, intennittency, structures in a self-gravitating medium,” Reviews of Modern Physics, 61, 185-220, April1989. (Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., Moscow; Institut fur Astrophysik, Garching bei Munchen, F.R.G;)
Silicon technology has won out over a host of potential rivals for the implementation of computing machines, although some of these rivals looked quite promising and stimulated large research and development efforts. The underlying reasons for the success of silicon technology, and the lessons that may be drawn from it, are reviewed in a recent work.
R.W. Keyes,. “Physics of digital devices,” Reviews of Modern Physics, 61, 279-87, April 1989. (IBM Research Division, Yorktown Heights, N.Y)
A work has appeared that should prove to be the standard reference for the gross electronic structure of the new high-temperature superconductors (that is, the “chemical” structure, which is necessary but not necessarily sufficient for an understanding of the possibly subtler correlations that are responsible for the superconductivity).
W.E. Pickett, “Electronic structure of the high-temperature oxide superconductors,” Reviews of Modern Physics, 61, 433-512, April 1989. (Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C.)