Destruction before salvation

Mouse models of cancer are primarily soft tissue sarcomas and lymphomas, whereas 90% of human cancers are epithelial in origin. In the August 10 Nature, Artandi et al. suggest that the difference arises from higher levels of telomerase (the enzyme that adds a protective cap on the end of chromosomes) in mice (Nature 2000, 406:641-645). When the researchers combine a mouse telomerase knockout with a mutation in the tumor suppressor p53, non-reciprocal translocations appear, followed by epithelial

By | August 15, 2000

Mouse models of cancer are primarily soft tissue sarcomas and lymphomas, whereas 90% of human cancers are epithelial in origin. In the August 10 Nature, Artandi et al. suggest that the difference arises from higher levels of telomerase (the enzyme that adds a protective cap on the end of chromosomes) in mice (Nature 2000, 406:641-645). When the researchers combine a mouse telomerase knockout with a mutation in the tumor suppressor p53, non-reciprocal translocations appear, followed by epithelial cancers. Artandi et al. believe that low levels of telomerase lead to genome rearrangements that initiate tumorigenesis, before subsequent telomerase reactivation saves the cells from excessive rearrangements that would cause self-destruction.

Popular Now

  1. First In Vivo Function Found for Animal Circular RNA
  2. Your Body Is Teeming with Weed Receptors
    Features Your Body Is Teeming with Weed Receptors

    And the same endocannabinoid system that translates marijuana's buzz-inducing compounds into a high plays crucial roles in health and disease outside the brain.

  3. Opinion: We Need a Replacement for Beall’s List
  4. Doctors’ Advice to Finish Antibiotics Overlooks Resistance
AAAS