Advertisement

in vitro

Cloning works because even highly differentiated somatic nuclei can de-differentiate and reacquire their ability to form all the cells of the body. The de-differentiation process is driven by egg cytoplasm, and in the 29 September Science Kikyo et al. report that the chromatin remodeling protein ISW1 is probably one component of the de-differentiation machinery (Science 2000, 289:2360-2362). Kikyo et al. identify a number of proteins that are released from permeabilized frog somatic nuclei only

By | October 5, 2000

Cloning works because even highly differentiated somatic nuclei can de-differentiate and reacquire their ability to form all the cells of the body. The de-differentiation process is driven by egg cytoplasm, and in the 29 September Science Kikyo et al. report that the chromatin remodeling protein ISW1 is probably one component of the de-differentiation machinery (Science 2000, 289:2360-2362). Kikyo et al. identify a number of proteins that are released from permeabilized frog somatic nuclei only in the presence of frog egg cytoplasm plus ATP. Fractionation of the egg cytoplasm yields ISW1, a member of the SWI2/SNF2 superfamily of chromatin remodeling proteins. Other chromatin remodeling proteins are not active in the assay, but unidentified proteins are needed in addition to ISW1. Further discoveries in this field may allow for cloning, or the derivation of stem cells, without the need to use egg cells.

Follow The Scientist

icon-facebook icon-linkedin icon-twitter icon-vimeo icon-youtube
Advertisement
QIAGEN Ingenuity
QIAGEN Ingenuity

Stay Connected with The Scientist

  • icon-facebook The Scientist Magazine
  • icon-facebook The Scientist Careers
  • icon-facebook Neuroscience Research Techniques
  • icon-facebook Genetic Research Techniques
  • icon-facebook Cell Biology Research
  • icon-facebook Microbiology and Immunology
  • icon-facebook Cancer Research and Technology
  • icon-facebook Stem Cell and Regenerative Science
Advertisement