Searching for nuclear localization signals

Nuclear localization signals (NLSs) are motifs that mediate the transport of proteins to the nucleus, but finding an NLS within your protein of interest can be tricky. In the 15 November EMBO Reports (EMBO Reports 2000, 1:411-415), Cokol et al. describe an 'expert database' of NLSs, created by collecting 91 experimentally determined NLSs and extending the dataset by 'in silico mutagenesis'.

By | November 30, 2000

Nuclear localization signals (NLSs) are motifs that mediate the transport of proteins to the nucleus, but finding an NLS within your protein of interest can be tricky. In the 15 November EMBO Reports (EMBO Reports 2000, 1:411-415), Cokol et al. describe an 'expert database' of NLSs, created by collecting 91 experimentally determined NLSs and extending the dataset by 'in silico mutagenesis'. They initially increased the database by adding homologous proteins, and then analyzed sets of proteins with known nuclear localization. The in silico approach involved altering the sequence of known motifs and then testing whether they gave 'true' (nuclear) or 'false' (non-nuclear) matches. Strict selection criteria (exclusively nuclear matches and presence in two distinct protein families) yielded a set of 214 potential NLSs, and the authors estimate that about 17% of all eukaryotic proteins are imported. They also show that in 90% of cases NLS motifs overlap with known DNA-binding regions. The group encourages colleagues to add experimentally verified NLSs to their database to improve NLS recognition and prediction.

Popular Now

  1. Monsanto Buys Rights to CRISPR
    The Nutshell Monsanto Buys Rights to CRISPR

    The US agribusiness secures a global, nonexclusive licensing agreement from the Broad Institute to use the gene-editing technology for agricultural applications.

  2. How Plants Evolved Different Ways to Make Caffeine
  3. ESP on Trial
    Foundations ESP on Trial

    In the 1930s, parapsychologist Joseph Banks Rhine aimed to use scientific methods to confirm the existence of extrasensory perception, but faced criticisms of dubious analyses and irreproducible results.

  4. Another DNA Vaccine for Zika Shows Promise
RayBiotech