Finding a way to regenerate damaged axons in the spinal cord and brain may offer a treatment to many patients with neuronal trauma. The problem is that central nervous axons do not regenerate whereas peripheral nerves do, and, after an injury, peripheral neurones express genes that are not generally induced by CNS lesions. Researchers from Duke University Medical Centre, North Carolina, USA, found that some of these genes can be used for neuronal regeneration in central nervous system too. Dr JH Pate Skene and colleagues showed that co-expressing two major growth cone proteins, GAP-43 and CAP-23, elicits long axon extension by adult dorsal root ganglion neurons
Members of a previously uncontacted Venezuelan tribe have the most diverse microbiomes yet described.