Credit: AP Liao, et al. / public library of science The paper: M.J. Evans, et al., "Claudin1 is a hepatitis C virus co-receptor required for a late step in entry," Nature, 446:801-5, 2007. (Cited in 81 papers) The finding: In attempts to find out why hepatitis C virus (HCV) would not infect any cell type except liver, Matthew Evans at" /> Credit: AP Liao, et al. / public library of science The paper: M.J. Evans, et al., "Claudin1 is a hepatitis C virus co-receptor required for a late step in entry," Nature, 446:801-5, 2007. (Cited in 81 papers) The finding: In attempts to find out why hepatitis C virus (HCV) would not infect any cell type except liver, Matthew Evans at" />

Junction function

Credit: AP Liao, et al. / public library of science" /> Credit: AP Liao, et al. / public library of science The paper: M.J. Evans, et al., "Claudin1 is a hepatitis C virus co-receptor required for a late step in entry," Nature, 446:801-5, 2007. (Cited in 81 papers) The finding: In attempts to find out why hepatitis C virus (HCV) would not infect any cell type except liver, Matthew Evans at

By | February 1, 2009

<figcaption> Credit: AP Liao, et al. / public library of science</figcaption>
Credit: AP Liao, et al. / public library of science

The paper:

M.J. Evans, et al., "Claudin1 is a hepatitis C virus co-receptor required for a late step in entry," Nature, 446:801-5, 2007. (Cited in 81 papers)

The finding:

In attempts to find out why hepatitis C virus (HCV) would not infect any cell type except liver, Matthew Evans at The Rockefeller University and colleagues expressed liver proteins in kidney cells and screened for HCV infection. The researchers found claudin-1, a tight junction protein which binds epithelial cells together at their sides, allowed the virus to infect a non-liver cell.

The impact:

Current antiviral drugs that target some aspect of viral replication are usually not effective for very long; "viruses realize ways to sneak around" and resist the drug, says Evans. Blocking an entry protein, like claudin-1, on the host would strengthen any combination therapy for hepatitis C, a leading cause of liver failure.

The big picture:

The finding adds to a growing body of literature that implicates tight junction proteins in viral entry, says Alan Yu, a nephrologist at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine. The viruses essentially are a ligand for relaxing cellular tight junctions-a finding that could be useful in drug delivery technology, says Yu.

The numbers:
claudin-1 inserted: Kidney cell infection increased 300 fold
claudin-1 silenced: Liver cell infection inhibited 50 fold
Advertisement

Popular Now

  1. NYU Halts Studies, Suspends Investigator
    The Nutshell NYU Halts Studies, Suspends Investigator

    Experiments conducted at the New York University School of Medicine violated several research standards, according to US Food and Drug Administration investigators.

  2. Exercise-Induced Muscle Factor Promotes Memory
  3. The Meaning of Pupil Dilation
    Daily News The Meaning of Pupil Dilation

    Scientists are using pupil measurements to study a wide range of psychological processes and to get a glimpse into the mind.

  4. Brexit’s Effects on Science