In late seventies, we were doing unilateral ablation of eyes in macaque monkeys to see changes in the visual cortex biochemically and by rapid Golgi techniques. The place being Hyderabad, we were confronted with an ethical question since the local legend has it that monkeys tend to be self-destructive when wounded surgically or otherwise. Of course, the popular , untested, legend is plain nonsense and we proceeded with the surgeries but carefully observed the monkeys due to our own curiosity. Having done innumerable surgeries of all kinds in rats and mice for experiments, this was also my first chance at seeing the behaviour of a larger animal, but smaller than man, on whom also I had the occasion to operate.\nWell, the monkeys behaved just like us: they treated the wounded area very carefully and did not allow it to come into contact with any external object such as the cage or even own paws and each surgery healed perfectly. Once healing occurred, by which I presume the pain due to touch disappeared, the monkeys became absolutely normal. I wish a kept a mirror in the cage then.\nIs self awareness restricted to a mirror? How about self examination? I presume this awareness is critical for survival at a more primal level.