Top 7 in microbiology
A snapshot of the most highly ranked articles in microbiology and related areas, from Faculty of 1000
linkurl:1. SWEET proteins found
A new class of proteins, dubbed SWEETs, function as glucose transporters, shuttling sugar molecules out of plant, worm and human cells. In some plants, SWEET proteins are co-opted by bacterial pathogens to deliver nutrition to the invaders.
L.Q. Chen et al., "Sugar transporters for intercellular exchange and nutrition of pathogens," linkurl:Nature,;http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/21107422?dopt=Abstract&holding=f1000%2Cf1000m 468:527-32, 2010. Evaluations by Heng-Cheng Hu and Caren Chang, Univ Maryland; Eric Van Der Graaff and Thomas Roitsch, Univ Graz; Michael Gjedde Palmgren, Univ Copenhagen; Giles Oldroyd, John Innes Cen; Julian Schroeder, UCSD; Akiko Sugio and Saskia Hogenhout, John Innes Cen; John Patrick, Univ Newcastle, Australia; David Alpers, Wash U Sch of Med; Bruno Stieger, Univ Hosp Zurich; Tapio Palva, Univ Helsinki; H Ekkehard Neuhaus, Univ Kaiserslautern, Germany. linkurl:Free F1000 Evaluation;http://f1000.com/6785956?key=w7k0gdj9cm62gtt
linkurl:2. TRIMming retroviral infections
| A space-filling representation of a ubiquitin molecule |
Image: Wikimedia commons, Rogerdodd
TRIM5, a ubiquitin ligase that helps thwart retroviral infections, acts by promoting innate immune signaling and acting as a pattern recognition receptor that binds the retrovirus capsid lattice, adding to a growing list of TRIMs that regulate innate immune responses.
T. Pertel et al., "TRIM5 is an innate immune sensor for the retrovirus capsid lattice," linkurl:Nature,;http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/21512573?dopt=Abstract&holding=f1000%2Cf1000m 472:361-5, 2011. Evaluated by Qian Yin and Hao Wu, Weill Med Coll, Cornell Univ; Gijs Versteeg and Adolfo Garcia-Sastre, Mount Sinai School of Med; Vojo Deretic, Univ New Mexico. linkurl:Free F1000 evaluation;http://f1000.com/10103964?key=xsf8svlqs3n74nw
linkurl:3. Immune-driven tumorigenesis?
Researchers identify a role for MyD88, an adaptor protein for Toll-like receptors, which act to recognize microbial intruders, in spontaneous tumor formation in the guts of mice, linking innate immune signaling with intestinal tumorigenesis.
S. Rakoff-Nahoum, R. Medzhitov, "Regulation of spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis through the adaptor protein MyD88," linkurl:Science,;http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/17615359?dopt=Abstract&holding=f1000%2Cf1000m 317:124-7, 2007. Evaluated by Michelle Rooks and Wendy Garrett, Harvard ; Lora Hooper, UT Southwestern Med Cen, Maria Rescigno, European Inst Oncology; Patrick S Moore, Univ Pitt. linkurl:Free F1000 evaluation;http://f1000.com/1088304?key=84069xdvq489hhq
linkurl:4. Glucose maintenance
In mice adipose tissue, white blood cells known as eosinophils produce interleukin (IL)-4, maintaining populations of alternatively activated macrophages (AAMs), which mediate glucose homeostasis.
D. Wu et al., "Eosinophils sustain adipose alternatively activated macrophages associated with glucose homeostasis," linkurl:Science,;http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/21436399?dopt=Abstract&holding=f1000%2Cf1000m 332:243-7, 2011. Evaluated by Thomas Nutman, NIH; Dhaya Seshasayee and Flavius Martin, Genentech; Alberto Mantovani, Istit Clinico Humanitis, Univ Milan. linkurl:Free F1000 evaluation;http://f1000.com/10283956?key=v0lx8bzn169m18v
linkurl:5. Worm healing details revealed
Parasitic worm infections are known to improve symptoms in patients with a type of inflammatory bowel disease known as ulcerative colitis. Now, researchers identify a role for interleukin (IL)-22 and T helper cytokines, providing new clues for how parasitic worms could be used to treat the disease.
M.J. Broadhurst et al., "IL-22+ CD4+ T cells are associated with therapeutic trichuris trichiura infection in an ulcerative colitis patient," linkurl:Sci Transl Med,;http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/21123809?dopt=Abstract&holding=f1000%2Cf1000m 2:60ra88, 2010. Evaluated by Thirumalai Ramalingam and Thomas Wynn, NIH; Padraic Fallon, Trinity College Dublin; Dhaya Seshasayee and Flavius Martin, Genentech. linkurl:Free F1000 evaluation;http://f1000.com/6932957?key=yys3zrjj55j5948
linkurl:6. Microbiome mastery
The largest genetic survey of human gut microbes -- a metagenomic sequencing of fecal samples from 124 Europeans -- identifies 3.3 million genes in more than 1,000 prevalent bacterial species.
J. Qin et al., "A human gut microbial gene catalogue established by metagenomic sequencing," linkurl:Nature,;http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/20203603?dopt=Abstract&holding=f1000%2Cf1000m 464:59-65, 2010. Evaluated by Michelle Rooks and Wendy Garrett, Havard; M?ire Begley and Paul Cotter, Teagasc; Andrew Anfora and Scott Lesley, Genomics Inst Novartis Res Found. linkurl:Free F1000 evaluation;http://f1000.com/2620956?key=zk583gls863s39k
linkurl:7. Picking a partner
Researchers propose a solution to the partner choice problem of the evolution of mutualism -- with whom should organisms cooperate? Their idea is that nature can find partners by imposing costs and rewards that allow potential partners to screen themselves, similar to how employers recruit appropriate employees.
M. Archetti, et al., "Let the right one in: a microeconomic approach to partner choice in mutualisms," linkurl:Am Nat,;http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/21091210?dopt=Abstract&holding=f1000%2Cf1000m 177:75-85, 2011. Evaluated by Zhanshan (Sam) Ma and Larry Forney, Univ Idaho. linkurl:Free F1000 evaluation;http://f1000.com/10426957?key=j2sv4506vtnd7wm
The F1000 Top 7 is a snapshot of the highest ranked articles from a 30-day period on Faculty of 1000 in Microbiology, as calculated on May 26, 2011. Faculty Members evaluate and rate the most important papers in their field. To see the latest rankings, search the database, and read daily evaluations, visit linkurl:http://f1000.com.;http://f1000.com
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[15th April 2011]