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Who Are We Really?

Manipulating the human microbiome has ethical implications.

By | March 1, 2012

image: Who Are We Really? BACTERIAL FINGERPRINT: There is the possibility that microbial DNA may contain even more information about a person than does their human DNA.Lucy Reading-Ikkanda

Bacterial Fingerprint: There is the possibility that microbial DNA may contain even more information about a person than does their human DNA.LUCY READING-IKKANDA

We are human beings. Normally, one might take this to mean that, at least on a biological level, we are defined by our own genome. But living in and on the human body is an ecosystem of microorganisms that outnumber our own cells by at least a factor of ten. It is estimated that there are 100 times as many microbial genes as human genes associated with our bodies. Taken together, these microbial communities are known as the human microbiome. Recent technological and scientific advances, mainly in the field of metagenomics, are rapidly enriching our knowledge of the genomes and functions of many of these microbial communities.

The ultimate aim of much of this research is to discover how perturbations of the microbiome might be related to various diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, asthma, and obesity. Other research is currently investigating the potential role of microbes in anxiety, depression, and autism. These findings have the potential to change the landscape of medicine. And they also have important philosophical and ethical implications.

A key premise of some microbiome researchers is that the human genome coevolved with the genomes of countless microbial species. If this is the case, it raises deep questions about our understanding of what it really means to be human. Typically, we draw a distinction between environmental and genetic factors in understanding human traits and the development of disease. What precisely is meant by “environmental” varies dramatically across disciplines. Irrespective of how environmental factors are conceptualized in a given study, a common focus is their interaction with stable genetic factors. Traditionally, the microbial communities in and around us would be counted towards the environmental, rather than the genetic side of this equation. Given recent findings from human microbiome research, however, this classification may need to be reconsidered. If the microbiome, on a species level, coevolved with the human genome and, on an individual level, is a unique and enduring component of biological identity, then the microbiome may need to be thought of more as “a part of us” than as a part of the environment.

Ethics of DNA manipulation

The human microbiome may need to be thought of more as “a part of us” than as a part of the environment.

There are practical ethical implications associated with these somewhat philosophical considerations. Over the past few decades a strong ethical position has emerged regarding manipulation of the human genome. In most jurisdictions it is deemed unethical (and illegal) to alter a human genome in such a way that these changes might be passed on to offspring. There are several arguments supporting this position, an important one being to safeguard the right of the child to an “open future.” Because the consequences of even ostensibly benign genetic manipulations cannot be predicted with certainty, it is currently deemed unethical to make choices on behalf of a child as it might lead to permanent changes to its biological identity. This reasoning underlies the prohibition in many countries against manipulation of germ-line DNA. An important question thus arises about how permanent certain changes to the human microbiome might be, especially to the microbiomes of infants and children, and whether such changes could be transmitted to offspring.

Planning for the future

We alter the mix of our microbial genomes all the time, through changes in our diet and surroundings and, significantly, every time we take antibiotics. It is currently not known how permanent these and other changes to the microbiome are. Certainly some changes are very transient, with the microbiome eventually returning to a fairly stable state. However, it is unclear just how stable the microbiome really is across a person’s lifespan. There seems to be an emerging scientific consensus that there is a critical period in infancy and early childhood during which the microbiome initially develops and gains a certain degree of stability. Neonates emerge from a sterile uterine environment and are immediately colonized by microbes from the baby’s environment, beginning with the birth canal or, in the case of cesarean section, the mother’s skin, which hosts a significantly different bacterial community. It is thus possible that, starting with the mode of birth, early childhood exposure or lack of exposure to certain microbial communities may have important implications for health and illness later in life. For example, researchers in British Columbia are currently investigating the possible role of early childhood use of antibiotics in later development of asthma.

More important in the context of ethical considerations is the possibility that if the adult microbiome is indeed relatively stable, then such early childhood manipulations of the microbiome may be used to engineer permanent changes that will be with the child throughout life. There is thus the potential that an infant’s microbiome may be “programmable” for optimal health and other traits. For example, might we program a baby’s microbiome to decrease chances of becoming obese? Or might we program it such that the person will always have a dislike of alcohol? While such manipulation is likely to be motivated by many good intentions, it does raise the familiar specter of “designer” babies, and the ethical problem of making choices for infants and children that may permanently affect their biological identity.

The issue of how stable an individual’s microbiome is over time also raises other ethical questions. For example, because human DNA is a unique identifier of individuals, there are many safeguards for ensuring the confidentiality of genetic data. In many jurisdictions laws have been enacted to prohibit insurance companies from taking the results of genetic tests into account in calculating premiums. There is also much controversy about the possibility of law enforcement agencies acquiring genetic data collected for health research. Some early studies suggest that a person’s microbiome may also be a unique identifier. And there is the possibility that microbial DNA may contain even more information about a person than does their human DNA. For example, a person’s microbiome signature may contain information about his or her country or region of origin, and might even prove presence in a certain place, if soil or water microbes unique to that location are detected. This kind of information may be sensitive for many reasons, most notably because of the obvious value such information might have for law enforcement purposes. Ethical challenges also arise, for example, in ensuring the privacy and confidentiality of individuals whose microbiome is analyzed for research purposes.

At the moment, many of these considerations are hypothetical. However, as human microbiome research progresses, these questions will become increasingly salient. And as scientific consensus emerges on such critical issues as the stability of the microbiome and the long-term implications of infants’ exposures to antibiotics and probiotics, corresponding advances need to be made in thinking about the ethical implications and frameworks to be developed.

Kieran O’Doherty is Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Canada. His current research program focuses primarily on the social and ethical implications of emerging biotechnologies and the use of public deliberation to help inform policy. For a longer discussion about the ethical, legal, and social issues raised by human microbiome research, see  A.K. Hawkins, K. O'Doherty, " 'Who owns your poop?': insights regarding the intersection of human microbiome research and the ELSI aspects of bio banking and related studies," BMC Medical Genomics, 4:72, 2011.

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Avatar of: Dov

Dov

Posts: 1457

March 7, 2012

Life Is Simpler Than They Tell Us
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
 
 
Evolution:
http://universe-life.com/2012/...
Genes to Genomes to Mono-cellular to Multicellular Organisms;
Direct Sunlight to Metabolic Energy, Too;
Tryptophan to Serotonin to Melatonin to Neural System. (cue for inter-cell cleanup time)
 
A. Tryptophan to Serotonin to Melatonin
 
Melatonin is a hormone secreted by the human pineal gland during night-time darkness. It is now marketed in the US as a nutritional supplement. The hormone is an indolamine compound derived from the essential amino acid L-tryptophan, with serotonin as an intermediate precursor.
 
Tryptophan is one of eight essential amino acids not produced by the body but coming from the diet. The additional fourteen amino acids are produced metabolically.
 
In the brain, tryptophan converts to serotonin, the neural-transmitter. Tryptophan is the only source for serotonin in the brain. Insufficient L-tryptophan in the diet is a cause of many severe biological malfunctions.
 
Some serotonin is converted in the pineal gland to melatonin, the hormone involved in inter-cell processes during sleep time.
 
B. Sunlight to Metabolic Energy
 
Bio-clocks are products of the innate sun-dictated active-inactive pattern of genes and genomes, parents of Earth’s life. During life genesis and its early evolution direct sunlight was the only source of their usable energy. This situation persisted well into the evolution of the early mono-cellular organisms, and both genes and genomes display, therefore, innate “inactive-sleepâ€쳌 phenomena.
 
The incorporation of mitochondria with some cells initiated the metabolic bio production of bio usable energy and furnished the evolving mono-cellular organisms with new, additional, flexibly available local energy. This development opened up a variety of courses of evolutions of cultures of mono-cells communities.
 
C. Individual Mono-Cells to Cooperative Mono-cells Communities, Cultures
 
As individual independent genes aggregated to cooperative genes communes, organisms, genomes, so individual mono-cells aggregated cooperatively into mono-cellular communities, cultures.
 
http://universe-life.com/2006/...
 
“Life has always been and still is a fractal affair, repetition of phenomena on ever more complex scale. It cannot be otherwise; it evolves. And surviving-proliferating life has always been a cooperative affair since cooperation is most successful for overall survival/proliferation.â€쳌
Cooperation requires all sorts of interactions, including maintenance, protection and foraging for food-energy. Organisms’ interactions are “culturesâ€쳌. Cultures require “cultural energyâ€쳌. Melatonin and some proteins are dark-and-light cue signals evolved by the mono-cells communities for timing inter-cells processes when the intra-cells processes are at “sleep-inactiveâ€쳌 state. Melatonin is a derivative of serotonin a derivative of tryptophan, and proteins are genes’ tools, energy-dependent metabolism products.
 
D. Mono-cellular to Multi-cellular Organisms: Mono-Cells Culture to Neural System, to Nerved Multi-Cellular Organisms
 
Now we can appreciate the fractal nature of life’s evolution. It is ever-continuous ever-enhanced ever-complexing cooperation. Now we can understand why, and grosso modo how, all the organs and processes and signals found in multi-celled organisms have their origins in the mono-cells communities. And this includes the functions of serotonin and melatonin and, yes, the evolution of neural cells and the neural systems with their intricate outer-membrane shapes and functions and with their high energy consumption requirements.
 
Now, circa four billion years after initial genesis-evolution with direct sun’s energy followed with evolution with also indirect, bio, sun’s energy, some of Earth life, we humans, find ourselves short of energy and in need of exploiting again more, and more directly, our sun’s energy…
 
Dov Henis (comments from 22nd century)
http://universe-life.com/2011/...

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

March 7, 2012

Life Is Simpler Than They Tell Us
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
 
 
Evolution:
http://universe-life.com/2012/...
Genes to Genomes to Mono-cellular to Multicellular Organisms;
Direct Sunlight to Metabolic Energy, Too;
Tryptophan to Serotonin to Melatonin to Neural System. (cue for inter-cell cleanup time)
 
A. Tryptophan to Serotonin to Melatonin
 
Melatonin is a hormone secreted by the human pineal gland during night-time darkness. It is now marketed in the US as a nutritional supplement. The hormone is an indolamine compound derived from the essential amino acid L-tryptophan, with serotonin as an intermediate precursor.
 
Tryptophan is one of eight essential amino acids not produced by the body but coming from the diet. The additional fourteen amino acids are produced metabolically.
 
In the brain, tryptophan converts to serotonin, the neural-transmitter. Tryptophan is the only source for serotonin in the brain. Insufficient L-tryptophan in the diet is a cause of many severe biological malfunctions.
 
Some serotonin is converted in the pineal gland to melatonin, the hormone involved in inter-cell processes during sleep time.
 
B. Sunlight to Metabolic Energy
 
Bio-clocks are products of the innate sun-dictated active-inactive pattern of genes and genomes, parents of Earth’s life. During life genesis and its early evolution direct sunlight was the only source of their usable energy. This situation persisted well into the evolution of the early mono-cellular organisms, and both genes and genomes display, therefore, innate “inactive-sleepâ€쳌 phenomena.
 
The incorporation of mitochondria with some cells initiated the metabolic bio production of bio usable energy and furnished the evolving mono-cellular organisms with new, additional, flexibly available local energy. This development opened up a variety of courses of evolutions of cultures of mono-cells communities.
 
C. Individual Mono-Cells to Cooperative Mono-cells Communities, Cultures
 
As individual independent genes aggregated to cooperative genes communes, organisms, genomes, so individual mono-cells aggregated cooperatively into mono-cellular communities, cultures.
 
http://universe-life.com/2006/...
 
“Life has always been and still is a fractal affair, repetition of phenomena on ever more complex scale. It cannot be otherwise; it evolves. And surviving-proliferating life has always been a cooperative affair since cooperation is most successful for overall survival/proliferation.â€쳌
Cooperation requires all sorts of interactions, including maintenance, protection and foraging for food-energy. Organisms’ interactions are “culturesâ€쳌. Cultures require “cultural energyâ€쳌. Melatonin and some proteins are dark-and-light cue signals evolved by the mono-cells communities for timing inter-cells processes when the intra-cells processes are at “sleep-inactiveâ€쳌 state. Melatonin is a derivative of serotonin a derivative of tryptophan, and proteins are genes’ tools, energy-dependent metabolism products.
 
D. Mono-cellular to Multi-cellular Organisms: Mono-Cells Culture to Neural System, to Nerved Multi-Cellular Organisms
 
Now we can appreciate the fractal nature of life’s evolution. It is ever-continuous ever-enhanced ever-complexing cooperation. Now we can understand why, and grosso modo how, all the organs and processes and signals found in multi-celled organisms have their origins in the mono-cells communities. And this includes the functions of serotonin and melatonin and, yes, the evolution of neural cells and the neural systems with their intricate outer-membrane shapes and functions and with their high energy consumption requirements.
 
Now, circa four billion years after initial genesis-evolution with direct sun’s energy followed with evolution with also indirect, bio, sun’s energy, some of Earth life, we humans, find ourselves short of energy and in need of exploiting again more, and more directly, our sun’s energy…
 
Dov Henis (comments from 22nd century)
http://universe-life.com/2011/...

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

March 13, 2012

Discussing the ethics of microbiome is stretching a discussion a bit too far.  There is no question of the importance of comensal microorganisms for health. But how much does our microbiome change after the trip to exotic locations (and exotic foods) ? Should we really discuss the need for an ethical approval to use antibiotics, that can strongly modify our microbiome or safeguard the confidentiality of our feces ?

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

March 13, 2012

Making this an ethical decision is a leap. But putting the concept of the value of the human microbiome together with Paul Ewald's findings--that threatened bacteria develop resistance while those not threatened, but prevented from being transmitted, adapt in friendlier ways--adds more weight to this argument. Other findings suggest the same friendly adaptations follow blocking bacterial adherence. Sounds like something to look into.

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

March 13, 2012

Comprehend Origins And Essence
 
EartLife is just another, self-replicating, mass format.
All mass formats follow natural selection, intake energy or their energy intaken by other mass format.
Life Evolution is the quantum mechanics of biology.
Every  evolution, of all disciplines, is the quantum mechanics of the discipline’s natural selection.
See:
Earth life genesis from aromaticity-H bonding
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
Universe-Energy-Mass-Life Compilation
http://universe-life.com/2012/...
Seed of human-chimp genome diversity
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
 
Dov Henis (comments from 22nd century)

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

March 13, 2012

Jerala's points are well taken. At the same time, there must be something to be said for extending ecological thinking/systems theory beyond the limits of the various dichotomies that establish the boundaries of current thought. The splits between mind and body, nature and nurture ... and so on are surely conveniences used to make our thinking manageable, but which have very little epistemological (much less ontological) credibility. If for none other than aesthetic reasons, we could all use a touch of holistic logic. We need not fear warm and fuzzy mysticism/spiritualism, worry about becoming born-again Buddhists, nor necessarily embrace the Gaia hypothesis, but a more inclusive sensibility would caution us against unnecessary reductionism.

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

March 13, 2012

Micromanage the microbiome at your own peril.

The Law of Unintended [Thalidomide] Consequences is always waiting for those who play half-assed demigods.

Avatar of: Roman Jerala

Roman Jerala

Posts: 2

March 13, 2012

Discussing the ethics of microbiome is stretching a discussion a bit too far.  There is no question of the importance of comensal microorganisms for health. But how much does our microbiome change after the trip to exotic locations (and exotic foods) ? Should we really discuss the need for an ethical approval to use antibiotics, that can strongly modify our microbiome or safeguard the confidentiality of our feces ?

Avatar of: lonjones

lonjones

Posts: 17

March 13, 2012

Making this an ethical decision is a leap. But putting the concept of the value of the human microbiome together with Paul Ewald's findings--that threatened bacteria develop resistance while those not threatened, but prevented from being transmitted, adapt in friendlier ways--adds more weight to this argument. Other findings suggest the same friendly adaptations follow blocking bacterial adherence. Sounds like something to look into.

Avatar of: Dov

Dov

Posts: 1457

March 13, 2012

Comprehend Origins And Essence
 
EartLife is just another, self-replicating, mass format.
All mass formats follow natural selection, intake energy or their energy intaken by other mass format.
Life Evolution is the quantum mechanics of biology.
Every  evolution, of all disciplines, is the quantum mechanics of the discipline’s natural selection.
See:
Earth life genesis from aromaticity-H bonding
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
Universe-Energy-Mass-Life Compilation
http://universe-life.com/2012/...
Seed of human-chimp genome diversity
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
 
Dov Henis (comments from 22nd century)

Avatar of: howarddoughty

howarddoughty

Posts: 11

March 13, 2012

Jerala's points are well taken. At the same time, there must be something to be said for extending ecological thinking/systems theory beyond the limits of the various dichotomies that establish the boundaries of current thought. The splits between mind and body, nature and nurture ... and so on are surely conveniences used to make our thinking manageable, but which have very little epistemological (much less ontological) credibility. If for none other than aesthetic reasons, we could all use a touch of holistic logic. We need not fear warm and fuzzy mysticism/spiritualism, worry about becoming born-again Buddhists, nor necessarily embrace the Gaia hypothesis, but a more inclusive sensibility would caution us against unnecessary reductionism.

Avatar of: Edward R. Mikol

Edward R. Mikol

Posts: 1457

March 13, 2012

Micromanage the microbiome at your own peril.

The Law of Unintended [Thalidomide] Consequences is always waiting for those who play half-assed demigods.

Avatar of: agelbert

agelbert

Posts: 50

March 14, 2012

I believe that NASA (Never A Straight Answer) could contribute quite a bit of information to this topic. Consider their decontamination procedures on the lunar expeditions. Also consider that they must have done some type of involved study of the most beneficial (for the astronauts) microbial populations in the air and machinery on board the space station.

Granted, these studies are short term and have only been done on adults but, surely, after more than half a century of lengthy periods in space, the exactly controlled conditions in these confined zero G quarters must have yielded quite a bit of information about what microbes need to 'be there' for continued astronaut health and which ones cause ph imbalances, colds or even contribute to dehydration or, in other cases, edema.

Perhaps the scientific nomenclature for 'us versus them' organism energy transfer relationships need to be expanded upon; terms such as parasitic, commensal, symbiotic, etc. don't address the fact that the 'them' is really a part of 'us'. Pregnant women don't think of their future children as parasites (which is what they technically are - even the beefed up immune system the future moms get is a function of that short lived organism, the placenta). 

Perhaps we are just some giant 'pre-frontal cortex' type of ambulatory appendage which exists for the purpose of spreading bacterial colonies. Oh, the irony of self-awareness and tool making intelligence being an evolutionary device in the service of getting that bacterial colony to vault over the edge of the giant petri dish called Earth.

Can you picture the scientific community awarding Escherichia coli a phd? Dr. E Coli, you are the best part of us!
:>) 

Avatar of: agelbert

agelbert

Posts: 50

March 14, 2012

Not only that, but Dr. E coli and several million of his/her/its' buddies may want tenure, a guaranteed pension and respect for allowing their human to become a scientist!
:>)

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

March 14, 2012

I believe that NASA (Never A Straight Answer) could contribute quite a bit of information to this topic. Consider their decontamination procedures on the lunar expeditions. Also consider that they must have done some type of involved study of the most beneficial (for the astronauts) microbial populations in the air and machinery on board the space station.

Granted, these studies are short term and have only been done on adults but, surely, after more than half a century of lengthy periods in space, the exactly controlled conditions in these confined zero G quarters must have yielded quite a bit of information about what microbes need to 'be there' for continued astronaut health and which ones cause ph imbalances, colds or even contribute to dehydration or, in other cases, edema.

Perhaps the scientific nomenclature for 'us versus them' organism energy transfer relationships need to be expanded upon; terms such as parasitic, commensal, symbiotic, etc. don't address the fact that the 'them' is really a part of 'us'. Pregnant women don't think of their future children as parasites (which is what they technically are - even the beefed up immune system the future moms get is a function of that short lived organism, the placenta). 

Perhaps we are just some giant 'pre-frontal cortex' type of ambulatory appendage which exists for the purpose of spreading bacterial colonies. Oh, the irony of self-awareness and tool making intelligence being an evolutionary device in the service of getting that bacterial colony to vault over the edge of the giant petri dish called Earth.

Can you picture the scientific community awarding Escherichia coli a phd? Dr. E Coli, you are the best part of us!
:>) 

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

March 14, 2012

Not only that, but Dr. E coli and several million of his/her/its' buddies may want tenure, a guaranteed pension and respect for allowing their human to become a scientist!
:>)

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

April 3, 2012

Talking about soul an
spirit, just be informed that somebody on the planet
genetically demonstrate the Genesis!

 

Firstly thank
you for your kindness and willingness to accept the dialogue with me, a person
unknown internationally. Allow me to make a brief presentation: I am an
electronics engineer, specialist in data transmissions by electromagnetic waves,
and manager of Clepsydra. Since 1990, I have addressed issues about the quality
of life and I have acquired over time some knowledge in the field of molecular
biology, necessary to understand the phenomenon of life occurrence and life
evolution.

My son, student
in medicine, helps me in my biological research.

Because "the world is entering an
era where injuries as common as a child's scratched knee could kill, where
patients entering hospital gamble with their lives and where routine operations
such as a hip replacement become too dangerous to carry out" (the head
of the World Health Organisation Margaret Chan has warned) I have decided to
sent this message to you only for information.

Only the management of the total knowledge
can stop the healyh incertitude and relativity.

"Pure objectivity is letting things
not yet proved nor disproved remain open. This does not rule out faith. Faith
is what we choose to believe until and unless it becomes settled: ruled in or
out, one way or the other. To close one's mind to one possibility is not
scientific. Each of us, in every day of our lives, must act upon not falsified
assumptions. We take our best guesses and act upon them, because if we did not
we would never have enough information certain to function."

Have you learned
about Adam mtDNA theory?

We are scientifically talking about the human
soul and about the God capacity to reduce the health hazard!

According to my studies, exposed in
four books, the man, attention please! - male and female -, is the materialized
according to the information which is contained in Adam mtDNA, existed only in
xifoid process, called one of the man's ribs (Genesis 2.21), or sternum peak,
called double edged sword peak, to where soul and spirit meet, to where joints
and marrow come together (Paul, Hebrews 4.12 - the best description in the
world).

The only real problem for WHO is to
understand the soul feedback.

Based on Adam mtDNA heritage, observed only
at the puberty only in *born boy's* seminal liquid (not in vitro made), I have
developed a new bio-communication theory, Mitochondrial Adam DNA data
transmission theory - ISBN 978-606-92107-1-0:

Abstract: Brain
and soul storming - The necessary and sufficient processes to a well
function of the human body are meticulous arranged by specific organizational
cells, so called process biomanagers, using interconditioned procedures,
transmitted through three ways of communication: chemical or “protein channelâ€쳌,
electrical or “ion channelâ€쳌 and mitochondrial or “EMF wireless channelâ€쳌. The
third type is out of the visible and measurable spectrum and raises a new
challenge to the scientists. For this type of bio communication we bring a new
theoretical hypothesis, based on the managerial multidisciplinary analysis of a
cybernetic model proposed by us, by simulating the human body function with the
virtual computerized system based on the management of its total knowledge and
its perfect quality way of function. The main bricks used for this virtual
construction are: the brain, as main bioprocessor, and Eve mtDNA and Adam
mtDNA, as bio-antennas. This assembly of the total knowledge, build with “brain
reasoning, biological feeling, and unlimited soul feelingâ€쳌, is called by us “main
decision triangle, IQ-EQ-CQâ€쳌. The main principle of the management of the total
knowledge imposes us to not neglect any information produced by man during the
time, even if it seems creasy at the beginning. Because in the natural
fertilisation the spermatozoids are naturally equipped with the paternal mtDNA
(a veritable main bio-GPS), we consider that the paternal mitochondria DNA have
a very important role in the evolution of the human being life quality and we
have developed a new hypothesis, “Adam mtDNA theoryâ€쳌, in addition to “Eve mtDNA
theoryâ€쳌. Keywords: brain, mitochondria, maternal, paternal

.................

Please take
these descriptions as bio-physical assumptions, until such time when they will
be confirmed or not by biologists in real life.

As Winston
Churchill once said about courage, I stood up and expressed my point of view
and now I sit down and listen to the opinions of others involved in this
research.

I hope we can
continue the dialogue on this complex issue of life and its purpose.

Thank you for
the patience that you have shown.

Sincerely yours.
 

Avatar of: alexandru

alexandru

Posts: 1457

April 3, 2012

Talking about soul an
spirit, just be informed that somebody on the planet
genetically demonstrate the Genesis!

 

Firstly thank
you for your kindness and willingness to accept the dialogue with me, a person
unknown internationally. Allow me to make a brief presentation: I am an
electronics engineer, specialist in data transmissions by electromagnetic waves,
and manager of Clepsydra. Since 1990, I have addressed issues about the quality
of life and I have acquired over time some knowledge in the field of molecular
biology, necessary to understand the phenomenon of life occurrence and life
evolution.

My son, student
in medicine, helps me in my biological research.

Because "the world is entering an
era where injuries as common as a child's scratched knee could kill, where
patients entering hospital gamble with their lives and where routine operations
such as a hip replacement become too dangerous to carry out" (the head
of the World Health Organisation Margaret Chan has warned) I have decided to
sent this message to you only for information.

Only the management of the total knowledge
can stop the healyh incertitude and relativity.

"Pure objectivity is letting things
not yet proved nor disproved remain open. This does not rule out faith. Faith
is what we choose to believe until and unless it becomes settled: ruled in or
out, one way or the other. To close one's mind to one possibility is not
scientific. Each of us, in every day of our lives, must act upon not falsified
assumptions. We take our best guesses and act upon them, because if we did not
we would never have enough information certain to function."

Have you learned
about Adam mtDNA theory?

We are scientifically talking about the human
soul and about the God capacity to reduce the health hazard!

According to my studies, exposed in
four books, the man, attention please! - male and female -, is the materialized
according to the information which is contained in Adam mtDNA, existed only in
xifoid process, called one of the man's ribs (Genesis 2.21), or sternum peak,
called double edged sword peak, to where soul and spirit meet, to where joints
and marrow come together (Paul, Hebrews 4.12 - the best description in the
world).

The only real problem for WHO is to
understand the soul feedback.

Based on Adam mtDNA heritage, observed only
at the puberty only in *born boy's* seminal liquid (not in vitro made), I have
developed a new bio-communication theory, Mitochondrial Adam DNA data
transmission theory - ISBN 978-606-92107-1-0:

Abstract: Brain
and soul storming - The necessary and sufficient processes to a well
function of the human body are meticulous arranged by specific organizational
cells, so called process biomanagers, using interconditioned procedures,
transmitted through three ways of communication: chemical or “protein channelâ€쳌,
electrical or “ion channelâ€쳌 and mitochondrial or “EMF wireless channelâ€쳌. The
third type is out of the visible and measurable spectrum and raises a new
challenge to the scientists. For this type of bio communication we bring a new
theoretical hypothesis, based on the managerial multidisciplinary analysis of a
cybernetic model proposed by us, by simulating the human body function with the
virtual computerized system based on the management of its total knowledge and
its perfect quality way of function. The main bricks used for this virtual
construction are: the brain, as main bioprocessor, and Eve mtDNA and Adam
mtDNA, as bio-antennas. This assembly of the total knowledge, build with “brain
reasoning, biological feeling, and unlimited soul feelingâ€쳌, is called by us “main
decision triangle, IQ-EQ-CQâ€쳌. The main principle of the management of the total
knowledge imposes us to not neglect any information produced by man during the
time, even if it seems creasy at the beginning. Because in the natural
fertilisation the spermatozoids are naturally equipped with the paternal mtDNA
(a veritable main bio-GPS), we consider that the paternal mitochondria DNA have
a very important role in the evolution of the human being life quality and we
have developed a new hypothesis, “Adam mtDNA theoryâ€쳌, in addition to “Eve mtDNA
theoryâ€쳌. Keywords: brain, mitochondria, maternal, paternal

.................

Please take
these descriptions as bio-physical assumptions, until such time when they will
be confirmed or not by biologists in real life.

As Winston
Churchill once said about courage, I stood up and expressed my point of view
and now I sit down and listen to the opinions of others involved in this
research.

I hope we can
continue the dialogue on this complex issue of life and its purpose.

Thank you for
the patience that you have shown.

Sincerely yours.
 

Avatar of: Lee Davis

Lee Davis

Posts: 1457

May 22, 2012

Absolutely.  "Manage" the Earth's biodiversity at your own peril.  Destroy the rainforests at your own peril.  Acidify the ocean with CO2 at your own peril.  I read "Science and Survival" by Barry Commoner in 1964.  Since then, human "management" of the planet has continued apace, with little regard for long term consequences.  The only thing he called attention to that was actually changed was the halt in atmospheric nuclear testing, but we've managed to replace that pollution with the exhaust from nuclear power plant meltdowns.  Half-assed demigods we certainly are, not playing with a full deck and with little understanding of how the game is played.  Of course, we Think we know it All now...and if we don't, our computing machines certainly do. 

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Posts: 0

May 22, 2012

Absolutely.  "Manage" the Earth's biodiversity at your own peril.  Destroy the rainforests at your own peril.  Acidify the ocean with CO2 at your own peril.  I read "Science and Survival" by Barry Commoner in 1964.  Since then, human "management" of the planet has continued apace, with little regard for long term consequences.  The only thing he called attention to that was actually changed was the halt in atmospheric nuclear testing, but we've managed to replace that pollution with the exhaust from nuclear power plant meltdowns.  Half-assed demigods we certainly are, not playing with a full deck and with little understanding of how the game is played.  Of course, we Think we know it All now...and if we don't, our computing machines certainly do. 

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