Advertisement
RayBiotech
RayBiotech

Agents Provocateurs

Asking pointed questions is a key part of the scientific process.

By | April 1, 2012

image: Agents Provocateurs Sean McCabe

SEAN MCCABE

When the US National Cancer Institute initiated its “Provocative Questions” project at the end of 2010, it asked scientists to submit “inquiries addressed to important problems and paradoxes in cancer research that have received insufficient attention for various reasons.” The Institute allowed that some of the questions could re-explore older, neglected observations while others could be based on more recent findings or new ways to tackle perplexing, seemingly intractable problems. “They should draw attention to significant yet under-appreciated opportunities for advancing our understanding of cancer and for developing new prospects for controlling it.”

The very first of the 117 provocative questions submitted online dealt with cancer stem cells, the subject of this month’s cover story. Though cancer stem cells have hardly been neglected, they certainly have been perplexing, paradoxical, and more than a little provocative. What exactly is their role in metastasis and tumor recurrences after treatment? In “Are Cancer Stem Cells Ready for Prime Time?Max Wicha and collaborators Suling Liu and Hasan Korkaya give a summary of this burgeoning research field, addressing some of the controversies over the nature and importance of cancer stem cells and explaining how current research might lead to a rethinking of how to develop new cancer therapeutics.

Three other articles in this issue also focus on cancer. “A Malignant Alliance” maps out the role of two proteins that work together to make cells more or less metastatic. “Eyes on Cancer” looks at some of the imaging instruments researchers employ to track cancer in vivo. And Modus Operandi covers a new technique that uses a neat laser trick to pinpoint single nucleotide mutations, a method its developers validated using a DNA sequence containing a BRCA1 mutation.

Of course, provocative science is not limited to cancer research. “Deliberating Over Danger” is full of answers, pro and con, to questions raised by the report that two research groups had mutated the H5N1 bird flu virus so that it could be passed in the air between mammals. A firestorm erupted when both Science and Nature were asked to withhold publication until the risks and benefits of publishing such information in full could be assessed. Should such research have been permitted? Be published without redaction? Subjected to greater regulation? How and by whom? A great deal of the fear expressed—be it of escape of such a virus from the lab or of the mutated sequence falling into the hands of bioterrorists—is not based on knowledge of the experimental details of these reports. In this feature you can read the reasoned opinions of a researcher involved in one of the H5N1 mutation studies; flu virologists and immunologists; and biosecurity and public-policy experts, including members of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity who reviewed the papers.

Coincidentally, in this month’s Critic at Large column Richard Smith, a former editor of the BMJ, ponders the future of scientific publishing in light of what is happening in the field of newspaper publishing. He is an advocate of open-access publishing and a foe of prepublication peer review. One wonders how the world—both scientific and lay—would have reacted had the H5N1 studies been published in an open-access journal. Would the inevitable instant point-counterpoint have calmed the fears now being expressed—or roiled them even more? Says Smith, ”Publication, debate, and revision are all central to science, and the sooner research, including that on H5N1, is made available the sooner and more accurately it can be digested.”

We hope we’ve provoked you to think hard. And we invite your provocative questions.

Mary Beth Aberlin
Editor-in-Chief
eic@the-scientist.com

Advertisement

Add a Comment

Avatar of: You

You

Processing...
Processing...

Sign In with your LabX Media Group Passport to leave a comment

Not a member? Register Now!

LabX Media Group Passport Logo

Comments

Avatar of: Dov

Dov

Posts: 1457

April 3, 2012

Provocative Enough?

21st Century Science, Whence And Whither…
 
Imagine, just imagine, the interest and activity big bang in science if/when finally freed from AAAS stock !!!
Science is not another, AAAS trade-union peer-reviewed, religion. It takes continuously  critical refreshed thinking....
 
Whence And Whither
 
 
I.             Extend Darwin-Einstein Horizons, EmD
 
EmD versus Emc
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
E = mc2 relates E and m via constant c.
However, since E and c are constant m must also be constant…?!
Yet for engineering-technology applications the equation is practical,  fine.
 
E=Total[m(1 + D)]  relates E and m via the variable D. D is the sum total of distance, in ALL spatial directions,  travelled by m since start of reconversion of m to E.
This relationship is science, not engineering or technology. E is constant, m and D are variables. D cannot be less than zero, and m varies with D. This is universal reality. In this reality there is no missing E.  E is there, transformed to mD.  mD is E. In this reality there is no missing m.  m is there, transformed to mD. mD is E.
 
Think about it. This is the basis-essence of Evolution, of ALL evolutions. Evolutions are the quantum mechanics of all processes.
 
 
II.          “how species come to be…â€쳌
 
http://www.sciencenews.org/ind...
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
 
What drives “species come to beâ€쳌 is what drives all life/organisms to come to be,  i.e.  a proven successful route, circumstantially evolved culture, that enhanced the RNAs’ constrained energy by the culturally effected enhanced  RNAs’ proliferation, with accordingly alternatively spliced expression.
 
This is evolution, i.e. enhanced constrained energy to delay-postpone the universal conversion of mass-formats to energy, to the energy that keeps fueling the expansion of the universe. This expansion will be overcome by gravity upon depletion of the universe’s massfuel, and will be followed by empansion for accelerating reverting of energy to mass, all the way back to singularity. The universe is an allmass - allenergy poles affair.
 
Thus re human-chimp genome diversity:
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
 
- It's culture that modifies genetics, that changes gene's expression.  NOT vice versa.
- Epigenetics YOK. Alternative splicing is epiDNAtic, not epigenetic.
- ALL life is RNAs evolution products. RNAs are Earth's primal organisms.
 
 
III.                Update Comprehension Of Universe/Life Evolution, Of RNA/DNA Mismatch-Relationship
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
 
Genomes are ORGANISMS evolved by-for RNAs’ natural selection, like all Earth organisms:
 
THE National Science And Technology Policy ISSUE In The USA (And Consequently Elsewhere...):
 
The early 20th century brief burst of scientific evolution started expiring circa 90 years ago, at the birth of the "scientists"  trade-union AAAS.  True to the AAAS trade-union interests the scientific evolution has grown into the technology-industrial evolution, with an evolving counter-enlightenment greed culture.
 
Re Science Education, it's about WHAT, not about HOW, is taught. "Scientists’" trade union politically controlled "science" cannot be advanced, updated, regardless of education system.
 
Unravel Some Of Nature's Complexities A + B + C, (listed adnauseam, ad shown where these data-based statements are wrong)
 
A.
 
UNRAVEL COMPLEXITIES OF GENETICS. Extend Evolution - Natural Selection Backwards To Genes – Genomes. BOTH ARE ORGANISMS.
And, again, Correct Some Figments Of Science Imagination:
 
1. Dark energy and matter YOK. Per  E=Total[m(1 + D)]  all the energy and matter of the universe are accounted for.
Adopt space - massdistance concept, mass-to-energy reconversion. 
 
2. Higgs Particle YOK. Mass forms below some value of the above D.
 
3. Galactic clusters formed by conglomeration?
Galactic clusters formed by Big-Bang's dispersion, evidenced by their Newtonian behaviour including expansion acceleration.
 
4. The universe expansion is fueled by the mass-to-energy constant rate reconversion. Eventually, as expansion will slow down, will run out of massfuel, gravity will overcome expansion and initiate empansion back to singularity. The universe is a cyclic array of energy-mass dualism, between nearly all-energy and all-mass poles, under omnipresent gravity. Gravity is the monotheism and re-genesis of the universe.
 
5. Natural Selection is a trait of organisms, life?
No. Natural selection is ubiquitous for ALL mass formats, all spin arrays. It derives from the expansion of the universe. All mass formats, regardless of size and type, from black holes to the smallest base universe particles, strive to increase their constrained energy in attempt to postpone their own reconversion to energy, to the energy that fuels cosmic expansion.
 
6. Life is an enigma?
Life is just another type of mass array, a self-replicating mass array. Earth life is a replicating RNAs mass. It has always been and still is an RNA world. ALL Earth's organisms are evolved RNAs, evolved for maintaining-enhancing Earth's biosphere, for prolonging RNAs survival.
 
7. Cells are Earth-life's primal organisms?
NO. Earth's life day one was the day on which RNA began replicating. RNAs, genes, are ORGANISMS. And so are their evolved templates, (RNA and DNA) genomes, ORGANISMS, as evidenced by life's chirality and by life's sleep.
 
8. Circadian Schmircadian sleep origin?
Sleep is inherent for life since the RNAs, the primal Earth ORGANISMS originated and were originally active ONLY under direct sunlight, in their pre-bio-metabolism genesis era.
 
9. Epigenetics are heritable gene functions changes not involving changes in DNA sequence?
NO. The "heritable or enduring changes" are epiDNAtics, not epigenetics. Alternative splicing is not epigenetics, even if/when not involving alteration of the DNA sequence. Earth life is an RNA world.
 
10.Genetics drive biology and culture modifications?
NO. It is culture that modifies genetics, not genetics that modifies culture. Culture modifies genetics simply via the evolutionary natural selection process of the RNA ORGANISMS. Likewise many natural genetic changes are due to aging and/or circumstantial effects on the genes and/or genomes ORGANISMS, similar to aging and/or evolutionary processes in monocell communities or in multicelled organisms.
 
SCIENCE SHOULD UNFREEZE. SCIENCE SHOULD ADJUST ITS VISION, COMPREHENSION AND CONCEPTS.
 
Seed of Human-Chimp Genomes Diversity
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
03.2010 Updated Life Manifest
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
Evolution, Natural Selection, Derive From Cosmic Expansion
http://darwiniana.com/2010/09/...
Rethink Evolution/Natural Selection
http://darwiniana.com/2011/03/...
 
B.
 
Quantum Mechanics Of Life
Life's Evolution Is The Quantum Mechanics Of Biology
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
 
The universe, and life within it, are not just conglomerations of mechanisms. The universe, and life within it, have come into being by the nature of energy-mass dualism, and their fate, their final outcome, is governed by this dualism. The genesis and, most probable cyclic, existence of the universe are governed by the energy-mass relationship.
 
Energy-mass relationship governs also the routes, the mechanisms, of cosmic and life evolutions.
 
Mechanisms do not set - determine the classical physics fate states. Mechanisms are routes of evolution between classical physics fate states. Quantum mechanics are mechanisms, probable, possible and actual mechanisms of getting from one to other classical physics states WITHIN the expanse from cosmic singularity to the maximum expanded universe and back to singularity states.
 
The universe is the archetype of quantum within classical physics. This is the fractal oneness of the universe. Astronomically there are two physics. A classical Newtonian physics behavior of and between galactic clusters, and a quantum physics behavior WITHIN the galactic clusters.
 
Life's Evolution Is The Quantum Mechanics Of Biology.
UNRAVEL COMPLEXITIES OF GENETICS. Extend Evolution - Natural Selection Backward To Genes - Genomes. BOTH ARE ORGANISMS.
 
The origin-reason and the purpose-fate of life are mechanistic, ethically and practically valueless. Life is the cheapest commodity on Earth. Human life is just one of many nature's routes for the natural survival of RNAs, the base primal Earth organism.
 
It is up to humans themselves to elect the purpose and format of their life as individuals and as group-members.
 
Inception And Prevalence Of Western Monotheism
http://darwiniana.com/2011/04/...
 
C.
 
Adaptation And Genetics
Identify USA Science Problems
Enough Is Enough!
 
Concluding phrase of "A New Evolutionary History of Primates"
http://www.sciencedaily.com/re...
 
"genetic underpinnings of human adaptation"
 
This phrase displays basic ignorance of the relationship between genetics and physiology - system adaptation.
It should be replaced with "adaptation underpinnings of human genetics".
 
UNRAVEL COMPLEXITIES OF GENETICS. Extend Evolution - Natural Selection Backwards To Genes – Genomes. BOTH ARE ORGANISMS.
 
IT IS ADAPTATION, CULTURE, THAT INDUCES GENES' EXPRESSION MODIFICATION, NOT GENETICS THAT INDUCES ADAPTATION. Modified genetic expression proceeds to energetically favor - enable adaptation.
 
 
Dov Henis
(comments from 22nd century)
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
http://universe-life.com/2006/...
 
PS: How have the USA government and nation/public come to allow a plainly obvious ("scientists", whatever it means) trade-union, AAAS, to be involved in a host of national policies and budgets matters? The motives/interests of the AAAS, just another trade-union, are NOT always/necessarily congruent with the nation's/public welfare and it definitely hinders very effectively advancement of basic science...DH

Avatar of:

Posts: 0

April 3, 2012

Provocative Enough?

21st Century Science, Whence And Whither…
 
Imagine, just imagine, the interest and activity big bang in science if/when finally freed from AAAS stock !!!
Science is not another, AAAS trade-union peer-reviewed, religion. It takes continuously  critical refreshed thinking....
 
Whence And Whither
 
 
I.             Extend Darwin-Einstein Horizons, EmD
 
EmD versus Emc
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
E = mc2 relates E and m via constant c.
However, since E and c are constant m must also be constant…?!
Yet for engineering-technology applications the equation is practical,  fine.
 
E=Total[m(1 + D)]  relates E and m via the variable D. D is the sum total of distance, in ALL spatial directions,  travelled by m since start of reconversion of m to E.
This relationship is science, not engineering or technology. E is constant, m and D are variables. D cannot be less than zero, and m varies with D. This is universal reality. In this reality there is no missing E.  E is there, transformed to mD.  mD is E. In this reality there is no missing m.  m is there, transformed to mD. mD is E.
 
Think about it. This is the basis-essence of Evolution, of ALL evolutions. Evolutions are the quantum mechanics of all processes.
 
 
II.          “how species come to be…â€쳌
 
http://www.sciencenews.org/ind...
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
 
What drives “species come to beâ€쳌 is what drives all life/organisms to come to be,  i.e.  a proven successful route, circumstantially evolved culture, that enhanced the RNAs’ constrained energy by the culturally effected enhanced  RNAs’ proliferation, with accordingly alternatively spliced expression.
 
This is evolution, i.e. enhanced constrained energy to delay-postpone the universal conversion of mass-formats to energy, to the energy that keeps fueling the expansion of the universe. This expansion will be overcome by gravity upon depletion of the universe’s massfuel, and will be followed by empansion for accelerating reverting of energy to mass, all the way back to singularity. The universe is an allmass - allenergy poles affair.
 
Thus re human-chimp genome diversity:
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
 
- It's culture that modifies genetics, that changes gene's expression.  NOT vice versa.
- Epigenetics YOK. Alternative splicing is epiDNAtic, not epigenetic.
- ALL life is RNAs evolution products. RNAs are Earth's primal organisms.
 
 
III.                Update Comprehension Of Universe/Life Evolution, Of RNA/DNA Mismatch-Relationship
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
 
Genomes are ORGANISMS evolved by-for RNAs’ natural selection, like all Earth organisms:
 
THE National Science And Technology Policy ISSUE In The USA (And Consequently Elsewhere...):
 
The early 20th century brief burst of scientific evolution started expiring circa 90 years ago, at the birth of the "scientists"  trade-union AAAS.  True to the AAAS trade-union interests the scientific evolution has grown into the technology-industrial evolution, with an evolving counter-enlightenment greed culture.
 
Re Science Education, it's about WHAT, not about HOW, is taught. "Scientists’" trade union politically controlled "science" cannot be advanced, updated, regardless of education system.
 
Unravel Some Of Nature's Complexities A + B + C, (listed adnauseam, ad shown where these data-based statements are wrong)
 
A.
 
UNRAVEL COMPLEXITIES OF GENETICS. Extend Evolution - Natural Selection Backwards To Genes – Genomes. BOTH ARE ORGANISMS.
And, again, Correct Some Figments Of Science Imagination:
 
1. Dark energy and matter YOK. Per  E=Total[m(1 + D)]  all the energy and matter of the universe are accounted for.
Adopt space - massdistance concept, mass-to-energy reconversion. 
 
2. Higgs Particle YOK. Mass forms below some value of the above D.
 
3. Galactic clusters formed by conglomeration?
Galactic clusters formed by Big-Bang's dispersion, evidenced by their Newtonian behaviour including expansion acceleration.
 
4. The universe expansion is fueled by the mass-to-energy constant rate reconversion. Eventually, as expansion will slow down, will run out of massfuel, gravity will overcome expansion and initiate empansion back to singularity. The universe is a cyclic array of energy-mass dualism, between nearly all-energy and all-mass poles, under omnipresent gravity. Gravity is the monotheism and re-genesis of the universe.
 
5. Natural Selection is a trait of organisms, life?
No. Natural selection is ubiquitous for ALL mass formats, all spin arrays. It derives from the expansion of the universe. All mass formats, regardless of size and type, from black holes to the smallest base universe particles, strive to increase their constrained energy in attempt to postpone their own reconversion to energy, to the energy that fuels cosmic expansion.
 
6. Life is an enigma?
Life is just another type of mass array, a self-replicating mass array. Earth life is a replicating RNAs mass. It has always been and still is an RNA world. ALL Earth's organisms are evolved RNAs, evolved for maintaining-enhancing Earth's biosphere, for prolonging RNAs survival.
 
7. Cells are Earth-life's primal organisms?
NO. Earth's life day one was the day on which RNA began replicating. RNAs, genes, are ORGANISMS. And so are their evolved templates, (RNA and DNA) genomes, ORGANISMS, as evidenced by life's chirality and by life's sleep.
 
8. Circadian Schmircadian sleep origin?
Sleep is inherent for life since the RNAs, the primal Earth ORGANISMS originated and were originally active ONLY under direct sunlight, in their pre-bio-metabolism genesis era.
 
9. Epigenetics are heritable gene functions changes not involving changes in DNA sequence?
NO. The "heritable or enduring changes" are epiDNAtics, not epigenetics. Alternative splicing is not epigenetics, even if/when not involving alteration of the DNA sequence. Earth life is an RNA world.
 
10.Genetics drive biology and culture modifications?
NO. It is culture that modifies genetics, not genetics that modifies culture. Culture modifies genetics simply via the evolutionary natural selection process of the RNA ORGANISMS. Likewise many natural genetic changes are due to aging and/or circumstantial effects on the genes and/or genomes ORGANISMS, similar to aging and/or evolutionary processes in monocell communities or in multicelled organisms.
 
SCIENCE SHOULD UNFREEZE. SCIENCE SHOULD ADJUST ITS VISION, COMPREHENSION AND CONCEPTS.
 
Seed of Human-Chimp Genomes Diversity
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
03.2010 Updated Life Manifest
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
Evolution, Natural Selection, Derive From Cosmic Expansion
http://darwiniana.com/2010/09/...
Rethink Evolution/Natural Selection
http://darwiniana.com/2011/03/...
 
B.
 
Quantum Mechanics Of Life
Life's Evolution Is The Quantum Mechanics Of Biology
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
 
The universe, and life within it, are not just conglomerations of mechanisms. The universe, and life within it, have come into being by the nature of energy-mass dualism, and their fate, their final outcome, is governed by this dualism. The genesis and, most probable cyclic, existence of the universe are governed by the energy-mass relationship.
 
Energy-mass relationship governs also the routes, the mechanisms, of cosmic and life evolutions.
 
Mechanisms do not set - determine the classical physics fate states. Mechanisms are routes of evolution between classical physics fate states. Quantum mechanics are mechanisms, probable, possible and actual mechanisms of getting from one to other classical physics states WITHIN the expanse from cosmic singularity to the maximum expanded universe and back to singularity states.
 
The universe is the archetype of quantum within classical physics. This is the fractal oneness of the universe. Astronomically there are two physics. A classical Newtonian physics behavior of and between galactic clusters, and a quantum physics behavior WITHIN the galactic clusters.
 
Life's Evolution Is The Quantum Mechanics Of Biology.
UNRAVEL COMPLEXITIES OF GENETICS. Extend Evolution - Natural Selection Backward To Genes - Genomes. BOTH ARE ORGANISMS.
 
The origin-reason and the purpose-fate of life are mechanistic, ethically and practically valueless. Life is the cheapest commodity on Earth. Human life is just one of many nature's routes for the natural survival of RNAs, the base primal Earth organism.
 
It is up to humans themselves to elect the purpose and format of their life as individuals and as group-members.
 
Inception And Prevalence Of Western Monotheism
http://darwiniana.com/2011/04/...
 
C.
 
Adaptation And Genetics
Identify USA Science Problems
Enough Is Enough!
 
Concluding phrase of "A New Evolutionary History of Primates"
http://www.sciencedaily.com/re...
 
"genetic underpinnings of human adaptation"
 
This phrase displays basic ignorance of the relationship between genetics and physiology - system adaptation.
It should be replaced with "adaptation underpinnings of human genetics".
 
UNRAVEL COMPLEXITIES OF GENETICS. Extend Evolution - Natural Selection Backwards To Genes – Genomes. BOTH ARE ORGANISMS.
 
IT IS ADAPTATION, CULTURE, THAT INDUCES GENES' EXPRESSION MODIFICATION, NOT GENETICS THAT INDUCES ADAPTATION. Modified genetic expression proceeds to energetically favor - enable adaptation.
 
 
Dov Henis
(comments from 22nd century)
http://universe-life.com/2011/...
http://dovhenis.wordpress.com/...
http://universe-life.com/2006/...
 
PS: How have the USA government and nation/public come to allow a plainly obvious ("scientists", whatever it means) trade-union, AAAS, to be involved in a host of national policies and budgets matters? The motives/interests of the AAAS, just another trade-union, are NOT always/necessarily congruent with the nation's/public welfare and it definitely hinders very effectively advancement of basic science...DH

Avatar of: Dov Henis

Dov Henis

Posts: 14

November 16, 2012

Energy-Mass Poles Of the Universe

Again and again:

The universe is a two-poles entity, an all-mass and an all-energy poles.

Singularity and the Big Bang MUST have happened with the smallest base universe particles, the gravitons, that MUST be both energy and mass, even if all of them are inert mass just one smallest fraction of a second at the pre-Bing Bang singularity. All mass formats evolve from gravitons that convert into energy i.e. escape their gravitons shatters-clusters, becoming mass formats in motion, i.e. energy. And they all end up again as mass in a repeat universal singularity.

Universe expansion and re-contraction proceed simultaneously.

Graviton is the elementary particle of the universe. The gravitons are compacted into the universal inert singularity mass only for the smallest fraction of a second, when all the gravitons of the universe are compacted together, inert, with zero distance between all of them. This state is feasible and mandated by their small size and by their hence weak force.

The Big Bang is the shattering of the short-lived singularity mass into fragments that later became galactic clusters. This is inflation. The shattering is the start of movement of the shatters i.e. the start of reconversion of mass into energy, mass in motion. This reconversion proceeds at a constant rate since the big bang, since the annealing-tempering of singularity and the start of resolution of gravitons. The release of gravitons from their shatters-clusters proceeds at constant rate due to their weak specific force due to their small size.

Gravity is propensity of energy reconversion to mass.

Inflation and expansion are per Newton.

Since the Big Bang galactic clusters are losing mass at constant rate. Mass, gravitons, continue escaping at constant rate from their Big Bang fragments-clusters thus becoming energy, mass in motion, thus thrusting the clusters. Constant thrust and decreasing galactic clusters weight accelerate the separation of clusters from each other. Plain common sense.

A commonsensible conjecture is that the Universe Contraction is initiated following the Big-Bang event, as released moving gravitons (energy) deliver their thrust to other particles and are collected by and stored in black holes at very low energy levels steadily leading to the re-formation of the Universe Singularity, simultaneously with expansion, i.e. that universal expansion and contraction are going on simultaneously.

The conjectured implications is that the Universe is a product of A Single Universal Black Hole with an extremely brief singularity of ALL the gravitons of the universe, which is feasible and possible and mandated because gravitation is a very weak force due to the small size of the gravitons, the primal mass-energy particles of the universe.

Dov Henis (comments from 22nd century)

http://universe-life.com/

Follow The Scientist

icon-facebook icon-linkedin icon-twitter icon-vimeo icon-youtube
Advertisement
RayBiotech
RayBiotech

Stay Connected with The Scientist

  • icon-facebook The Scientist Magazine
  • icon-facebook The Scientist Careers
  • icon-facebook Neuroscience Research Techniques
  • icon-facebook Genetic Research Techniques
  • icon-facebook Cell Culture Techniques
  • icon-facebook Microbiology and Immunology
  • icon-facebook Cancer Research and Technology
  • icon-facebook Stem Cell and Regenerative Science
Advertisement
Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Advertisement
NeuroScientistNews
NeuroScientistNews
Life Technologies