Flowers Count Pollen

Plants carefully control how many sperm reach an ovule by shutting down the pollen-attracting process after sperm and egg fuse.

By | May 18, 2012


Plants need to ensure that each egg has the chance to be fertilized while at the same time preventing double fertilizations, which in many plants kills the zygote. Therefore,  plants rely on sperm and egg fusion to prevent multiple pollen grains from trying to reach the egg, according to research published yesterday (May 17) in Current Biology.

When pollen grains alight on a pistil (female reproductive organ), they grow tubes that burrow toward the egg, following attractants released from the flower’s ovule. Researchers at Brown University used fluorescent pollen to examine the phenomenon of “polytubey,” where more than one pollen tube reaches the plant ovule, in Arabidopsis. Hand pollinating with one green and one red pollen grain allowed them to track two different tubes. Under normal circumstances, usually only one tube reached the ovule. But the researchers found that if sperm carried mutations that prevented them from fusing with the egg, the other pollen continued burrowing, and the number of tubes actually increased.

Although the mechanism that prevents more tube growth was not identified, the scientists suspect that gamete fusion prevents continued release of pollen-attracting factors from the ovule, and that relying on successful sperm-egg fusion to halt tube growth maximizes a flower’s chance of successful fertilization.

Hat tip to ScienceShot.

Add a Comment

Avatar of: You



Sign In with your LabX Media Group Passport to leave a comment

Not a member? Register Now!

LabX Media Group Passport Logo

Popular Now

  1. Running on Empty
    Features Running on Empty

    Regularly taking breaks from eating—for hours or days—can trigger changes both expected, such as in metabolic dynamics and inflammation, and surprising, as in immune system function and cancer progression.

  2. Athletes’ Microbiomes Differ from Nonathletes
  3. Gut Feeling
    Daily News Gut Feeling

    Sensory cells of the mouse intestine let the brain know if certain compounds are present by speaking directly to gut neurons via serotonin.

  4. Immune Cells Deliver Cancer Drugs to the Brain