Sex Selection Not So Simple

Revisiting a classic study could overturn the idea that male competition rules reproductive choice.

By | July 10, 2012

PAUL FRIEL" > FLICKR CREATIVE COMMONS, PAUL FRIEL

FLICKR CREATIVE COMMONS, PAUL FRIEL

Darwin hypothesized that the only reason males of a species would have such impractical adornments as the peacock's unwieldy tail feathers is to attract females. Likewise, the stag's antlers fought for the attention of and access to potential mates. Both of these theories seemed to be powerfully vindicated by Angust Bateman's 1948 study with fruit flies, which cemented sexual selection as the foundation for mating research.

Now, researchers have replicated Bateman's experiments, which followed the surviving traits of fruit flies bred with specific characteristics such as tiny wings or shriveled heads, and found Bateman had overlooked some important issues, leading him to skew the results.

The new study, published last week (July 3) in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, revealed that Bateman overestimated the number of adult flies that hadn't mated at all, underestimated the number that had mated multiple times, and under-counted females that successfully mothered a brood. The re-analysis found no evidence for the dogma that males indiscriminately mate as much as possible, while females are far pickier about their suitors.

However, more recent work, on both fruit flies and other species, has confirmed Bateman's underlying principles, and researchers have found evidence for sexual selection in action throughout the animal kingdom. But this new research strengthens emerging ideas that sexual selection is a more subtle dance than Darwin had assumed.

Add a Comment

Avatar of: You

You

Processing...
Processing...

Sign In with your LabX Media Group Passport to leave a comment

Not a member? Register Now!

LabX Media Group Passport Logo

Popular Now

  1. Running on Empty
    Features Running on Empty

    Regularly taking breaks from eating—for hours or days—can trigger changes both expected, such as in metabolic dynamics and inflammation, and surprising, as in immune system function and cancer progression.

  2. Athletes’ Microbiomes Differ from Nonathletes
  3. Gut Feeling
    Daily News Gut Feeling

    Sensory cells of the mouse intestine let the brain know if certain compounds are present by speaking directly to gut neurons via serotonin.

  4. Immune Cells Deliver Cancer Drugs to the Brain
AAAS