ASHISH JOHN/WCSIn and around Cambodia’s capital Phnom Penh lives an unassuming little bird, recently recognized by science as the Cambodian tailorbird (Orthotomus chaktomuk). First seen in 2009 during routine checks for avian flu, according to BBC News, the species is new to science, and its discovery is reported in the Oriental Bird Club journal.
The new tailorbird belongs to the warbler family. Tailorbirds get their name from how the birds build nest by weaving leaves together. Though it looks similar to other tailorbirds, O. chaktomuk is unique, researchers say: its plumage, song, and genes all point to it being a distinct species.
Finding a new species in an urban environment is rare, but the scientists who formally named it think the bird lives in the dense scrubland of the Mekong river floodplain along the outskirts of the city. “The modern discovery of an un-described bird species within the limits of a large populous city—not to mention 30 minutes from my home—is extraordinary,” study co-author Simon Mahood of the Wildlife Conservation Society told the BBC. “The discovery indicates that new species of birds may still be found in familiar and unexpected locations.”
Unfortunately, the bird’s suspected habitat is small and growing smaller, and the researchers recommended the new species be listed as “Near Threatened” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List.