NOBELPRIZE.ORG, H GOREN © HHMI, FISCHThe Nobels
James Rothman, Randy Schekman, and Thomas Südhof shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology this year for their independent contributions to understanding the organization of how vesicle contents are discharged at the cell membrane. “They’re three very different people. Each is very intelligent, very purposeful, and driven,” Bill Wickner from Dartmouth College told The Scientist. “I love each one of them. They’re fun, they love to talk shop. They're good listeners as well as speakers.”
Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt, and Arieh Warshel shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of computer-based methods to model complex systems. “Computer models mirroring real life have become crucial for most advances made in chemistry today,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a press release.
STEPHANIE MITCHELL/HARVARD STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER, KEILANA/WIKIMEDIA, WIKIMEDIA
Genentech’s Richard Scheller and Nobel Laureate Thomas Südhof from the Stanford University School of Medicine won the 2013 Lasker Award for basic medical research. Scheller and Südhof were honored this year for their discoveries related to rapid neurotransmitter release.
January 27: Kuan-Teh Jeang, the editor-in-chief of the open access journal Retrovirology passed away unexpectedly.
February 19: Jane Cooke Wright, a pioneer in chemotherapy, died at age 93.
February 28: Donald Glaser, who invented a device called the bubble chamber to track the paths of subatomic particles, passed away at age 86.
March 3: Zora Brown, a champion of breast cancer awareness in the African-American community passed away at 63.
April 10: Sir Robert Edwards, whose research led to the birth of the first test tube baby, died at age 87.
April 19: Francois Jacob, the 92-year-old bacterial geneticist who helped pioneer the study of gene regulation died.
May 4: Christian de Duve, who won the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering lysosomes, died at age 95.
May 4: Emil Frei III, a cancer researcher who in the 1950s combined multiple chemotherapy drugs to treat childhood leukemia, died at the age of 89.
June 6: Jerome Karle, father of crystallography, passed away at age 94.
July 18: Bill Bowman, champion of modern anesthetics and the founding professor of pharmacology at Strathclyde University in Glasgow, died at age 83.
July 24: Virginia Johnson revolutionized the treatment of sexual dysfunction and helped legitimize the study of copulation and masturbation physiology. She passed away at age 88.
July 26: Obaid Siddiqi, regarded as one of the founders of modern biology in India, passed away at age 81.
August 7: Tony Pawson, whose team was the first to report the specific protein interactions underlying cellular signal transduction, died at age 60.
August 15: Peter Huttenlocher, the neurologist who discovered that synapse growth peaks in early childhood, passed away at age 82.
August 26: David Barker, the physician-scientist who connected conditions in the womb and just after birth with chronic health problems in adulthood, passed away at age 75.
September 12: Candace Pert, who helped discover opioid receptors, died at age 67.
September 22: David Hubel, who helped revolutionize the understanding of visual information processing, died at age 87.
September 23: Ruth Patrick, who pioneered freshwater pollution monitoring, passed away at age 105.
October 11: Monica Riley, who led groundbreaking work studying the E. coli genome, passed away at age 87.
October 31: Leonard Herzenberg, who helped to develop the first fluorescence-activated cell sorter, died at age 81.
November 19: Frederick Sanger, who pioneered amino acid and DNA sequencing techniques, passed away at age 95.
November 21: Fred Kavli, the physicist, entrepreneur, and philanthropist who dedicated much of his life to supporting scientific research, died at age 86.
December 17: Janet Rowley, who earned fame for linking chromosomal abnormalities to cancer in the 1970s,died at age 88.