WIKIMEDIA, US DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURYUS life-science researchers of all stripes continue to feel the funding pinch caused by October’s government shutdown and the budget-shrinking sequester. But as federal research grant programs have dried up, some researchers have sought other sources of grant money, including charitable organizations. In the 2012 fiscal year, universities, foundations, independent research institutes, and voluntary health organizations contributed to a $1.42 billion increase in non-governmental research funding over 2011, according to a new report from Research!America on the shifting science funding landscape. “As federal funding becomes more competitive, applications to foundation sources continue to increase, stiffening the competition in the already challenging nongovernment environment,” the report, released yesterday (December 17), stated. “Some philanthropic funders have been in a position to increase support in recent years, but these grants are often more competitive than federally supported grants, and many are not open to competition.”
And competition is just one of the drawbacks for researchers turning toward foundation grants to keep their research programs funded. According to Nature, many charitable grants, even sizeable ones, fail to cover indirect costs, such as computational support, lab techs, and building fees. “People have been discouraged from applying for grants because the department has to cover the shortfall,” Lita Nelsen, director of the technology-licensing office at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, told Nature. “We’re at the edge here of turning down money.”
Most philanthropic organizations, such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, only cover 10 percent of indirect costs, or overhead, while federal grants cover 100 percent. This leaves awardees scrambling to find a way to pay for overhead on the projects they get funded by foundation grants. Such costs can add up to 40 percent to 70 percent of the cost of US research, according to Nature.