Evolutionarily Distinct Birds Ranked

Researchers collate a list of the 100 most rare and unique avian species facing extinction.

By | April 11, 2014

California condorWIKIMEDIA, US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICEThe giant ibis, the New Caledonian owlet-nightjar, and the California condor top a new list that documents the world’s most distinctive rare avian species, according to their appearance, behavior, and evolutionary history. The list, published yesterday (April 10) in Current Biology, was compiled by researchers at the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and Yale University as part of the EDGE of Existence program, a global conservation initiative that aims to document “threatened species that represent a significant amount of unique evolutionary history,” according to its website.

“These highly distinct and endangered birds often occur far away from places that are species-rich or are already on conservation’s radar,” report coauthor Walter Jetz from Yale University and Imperial College London told BBC News. Carly Waterman, EDGE program manager at ZSL, agreed: “Half of the 100 highest ranked EDGE bird species are receiving little or no conservation attention,” she said.

The giant ibis, the national bird of Cambodia, ranked number one in the survey. The massive bird reaches heights of more than a meter, and can weigh up to 4.2 kilograms. Fewer than 230 mating pairs are alive today. The New Caledonian owlet-nightjar, the number-two most unique and distinctive bird, is even more rare, with just a handful of sightings ever recorded, and none since 1998. Fewer than 50 are believed to be alive today. The California condor ranked third; it was once at the brink of extinction, with only 21 wild birds alive in 1981.

Other species that made the list include the New Zealand kakapo, a flightless, nocturnal bird that is now extinct in its natural range, although small populations are surviving on three closely managed islands; the kagu, known locally in New Caledonia as the “ghost of the forest”; and the Forest owlet, which was once thought to be extinct, but sited in 1997. See the full list at The Guardian.

Add a Comment

Avatar of: You



Sign In with your LabX Media Group Passport to leave a comment

Not a member? Register Now!

LabX Media Group Passport Logo

Popular Now

  1. Monsanto Buys Rights to CRISPR
    The Nutshell Monsanto Buys Rights to CRISPR

    The US agribusiness secures a global, nonexclusive licensing agreement from the Broad Institute to use the gene-editing technology for agricultural applications.

  2. How Plants Evolved Different Ways to Make Caffeine
  3. Thomson Reuters Predicts Nobelists
    The Nutshell Thomson Reuters Predicts Nobelists

    According to citation statistics, researchers behind programmed cell death pathways and CRISPR/Cas9 are among those in line for Nobel Prizes this year.

  4. ESP on Trial
    Foundations ESP on Trial

    In the 1930s, parapsychologist Joseph Banks Rhine aimed to use scientific methods to confirm the existence of extrasensory perception, but faced criticisms of dubious analyses and irreproducible results.