At its annual meeting in June, the Iondon-based Royal Society elected one new fellow and six new foreign members. Also at the meeting, the Council of the Society announced the recipients of its medals and honors for 1988.
In honor of her contributions to the history of contemporary science, Margaret Gowing was elected a fellow of the society. Cowing, a specialist on the implications of atomic energy in Britain and the person responsible for establishing the Contemporary Scientific Archives Center at Oxford, currently is working on her fourth book, Interdependence Regained: Britain and Atomic Energy 1952-58.
New foreign members elected to the Royal Society are: Vladimir Igorevich Arnol'd, Moscow University professor of mathematics, whose research of dynamical systems, the hydrodynamic stability of inviscid fluids, and the singularity of smooth maps has made him an authority and leading contributor in these areas; Christian de Duve, president of the International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology, Brussels, and Nobel Prize winner for his discovery of lysosomes and peroxisomes, two vital cellular structures; Jacques Friedel, senior theoretical solid state physicist of France and professor at the University of Paris, Orsay, who has influenced the understanding of electron behavior in solids as well as studies of magnetism, electron transport, and liquid and disordered metals; Ernst Mayr, professor of zoology at Harvard University and evolutionary biologist whose research of the processes of organic evolution in birds and other species has been a major force in the development of neo-Darwinism Henry Taube, professor of chemistry at Stanford University and contributor to the study of metal complex ions reactions in solution and pioneer in the field of electron transfer and Howard M. Temin, professor of biological sciences at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and Nobel Prize winner whose work on retroviruses is fundamental to both virus biochemistry and molecular genetics.
The Council of the Royal Society administers 16 medals and awards which are presented in recognition of excellence in fields of science and technology. Winners for 1988 include:
The Copley Medal to Sir Michael Atiyah, in recognition of his contributions to geometry, topology, analysis, and theoretical physics.
The Rumford Medal to F.J. Weinberg, in recognition of his pioneering work on optical diagnostics and electrical aspects of combustion, and for his studies of flame problems in jet engines and furnaces.
The Davy Medal to J.A. Pople, for his contributions to theoretical chemistry, especially the development of a technique for the computation of molecular wave-functions and properties.
The Darwin Medal to W.D. Hamilton, for distinguished work on evolutionary theory. His contributions include the theory of kin selection for altruistic behavior and the theoretical demonstration of a link between disease resistance and the evolution of sex.
The Sylvester Medal to C.T.C. Wail, in recognition of his contributions to the topology of manifolds and related topics in algebra and geometry.
The Hughes Medal to A. Howie and M.J. Whelan, for their work on the theory of electron diffraction and microscopy, and its application to the study of lattice defects in crystals.
The Royal Society Welcome Foundation Prize to L.M. Kunkel, for employing novel techniques of reverse genetics to identify the biochemical abnormality responsible for Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy—the absence of a previously unknown protein, dystrophin.
The Royal Society Michael Faraday Award to E.C. Zeeman, for furthering the public understanding of science and mathematics through his lectures, writing, and media appearances.
The Royal Society Mullard Award to R.L. Wain, in recognition of his discovery and development of selective weedkillers, in particular the hydroxybenzonitriles and phenoxybutyric acids.
The Royal Society Armourers & Brasiers’ Company Award was won by F.W. Ainger, for his research on piezo- and pyro-electric ceramic materials, which has effected developments in acoustic and infrared devices. The award was also given to K.H. Jack, in recognition of his outstanding work on ceramics, specifically, sialons and their applications.
Royal Medals were bestowed on G.K. Batchelor, for his work on the theory of turbulence and turbulent diffusion, and the theory of microhydrodynamics and collodial suspensions; Winifred M. Watkins, for her contributions toward an understanding of the biochemical genetics of carbohydrate antigens on cell surfaces and in secreted glycoproteins; and H.E.M. Barlow, in recognition of his research on microwaves and wave-guides, and his influence as the founder of a productive electronics research department at University College London.
The Royal Society is an independent, self-governing organization that was founded in 1660 for the promotion of natural science. It encourages national and international activities through its publications, elections, awards, grant., and fellowships, and serves in an independent advisory capacity to the U.K. government.
Derek J. Chadwick is succeeding David Evered as director of the Ciba Foundation, London, established for the promotion of international cooperation in medical and chemical research. Chadwick is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, a Chartered Chemist, and a staff member at the University of LiverpooL The majority of his professional work has been concentrated in structural, synthetic, and computational chemistry. Evered left Ciba to become the Second Secretary of the Medical Research Council in London.
The thirty-third International Meteorological Organization (1110) Prize was awarded to F. Kenuoth Hare, university professor emeritus of geography at the University of Toronto, for his international contributions to the science of meteorology and climate. His multidisciplinary works have addressed major environmental and social issues, including problems with the ozone layer, nuclear waste, and global food.
Keith W. McHenry Jr., vice president for research and development at Amoco Oil Co., Naperville, Ill., has been elected to the one-year term of president of the Industrial Research Institute, based in New York City. He succeeds S. Allen Heininger, corporate vice president for resource planning at Monsanto Co., St Louis. IRI is an association of 255 industrial companies with a common interest in research and development.
Maxine Singer, president of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, recently announced the election of three new members to the institution’s board of trustees. They are Cummins Engine Co. executive Joseph Irwin Miller, Dow Chemical Co. executive Paul Fausto Oreffice, and Monsanto Co. executive Howard Allen Schneiderman. The board of trustees is made up of leaders in science, business, education, and public service; the institution’s five research arms are the Department of Embryology in Baltimore, the Department of Plant Biology in Stanford, the Mount Wilson and Las Campanas Observatories in Pasadena, and the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism and the Geophysical Laboratory, both in Washington, D.C.