Ralph Steinman of the Rockefeller University in New York will receive the 2007 Albert Lasker Award for Outstanding Basic Medical Research for his discovery of dendritic cells and his work in elucidating their function as sentinels of the immune system, the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation announced on Saturday (September 15). The two inventors of mechanical and animal-derived prosthetic heart valves, Albert Starr of the Providence Health System in Portland, OR, and Alain Carpentier of H?pital Europeen Georges Pompidou in Paris, will share the Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research for their contributions to open-heart surgery. This year's Mary Woodard Lasker Award for Public Service will go to Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, for his work on a government program to treat HIV/AIDS in the developing world, and a nationwide biodefense strategy in the US.
In the early 1960s and 70s,...

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