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Researchers have been using ultrasound to control brain activity, but studies in mice and guinea pigs show it also stimulates the auditory system, presenting a confounder for direct neural stimulation.

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The finding confirms that a cluster of cells that directs the fate of other cells in the developing embryo is evolutionarily conserved across the animal kingdom.

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image: Could a Dose of Sunshine Make You Smarter?

Could a Dose of Sunshine Make You Smarter?

By Ruth Williams | May 17, 2018

Moderate ultraviolet light exposure boosts the brainpower of mice thanks to increased production of the neurotransmitter glutamate.  

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Researchers find a link between molecules released by commensal bacteria and the degree of inflammation in a mouse model of MS.

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Changes in gene activity levels after DBS appear to underlie improvements seen in a mouse model of Rett syndrome, a genetic disease that causes intellectual disability.

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image: Genetic Adaptation to Cold Brought Migraines With It

Genetic Adaptation to Cold Brought Migraines With It

By Viviane Callier | May 3, 2018

Humans living in higher latitudes tend to have a variant of a gene involved in sensing cold temperatures, but it comes with a cost.  

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image: How Bacteria Eat Penicillin

How Bacteria Eat Penicillin

By Shawna Williams | April 30, 2018

Scientists work out the specific genes and biochemical steps required for digesting the very drugs designed to kill microbes.

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A new technique reveals certain neuronal connections grow larger and denser when memories are made.

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image: Worms’ Magnetic Sense Questioned

Worms’ Magnetic Sense Questioned

By Abby Olena | April 25, 2018

Unsuccessful attempts to reproduce the results of a 2015 study reporting that C. elegans orient themselves by Earth’s magnetic field spark debate among researchers.

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Rather than getting a gene for its original function, a horizontal gene transfer provides the raw material for evolutionary innovation.

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