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Researchers find that conserving marsupials on a predator-free island dampens their avoidance behaviors, which could mean trouble for their reintroduction to mainland Australia.

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image: Cell Transplant Trial for Spinal Injury Is Safe

Cell Transplant Trial for Spinal Injury Is Safe

By Ruth Williams | June 1, 2018

The first human experiment with neural precursor cells implanted to treat chronic spinal cord injury suggests the procedure is safe, and hints at a small benefit.  

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image: Human-Specific Genes Implicated in Brain Size

Human-Specific Genes Implicated in Brain Size

By Abby Olena | May 31, 2018

Three members of a gene family called NOTCH2NL may have been involved in the evolution of humans’ big cortex.

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Genetic adaptations for human brain development also make us vulnerable to Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study.  

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The finding confirms that a cluster of cells that directs the fate of other cells in the developing embryo is evolutionarily conserved across the animal kingdom.

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A study finds two species of guenon monkeys in Tanzania have been mating and producing fertile offspring for generations.

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The extracellular matrix appears to inhibit regeneration; but scientists debate whether heart muscle really comes back.  

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image: Preterm Labor May Be Sparked by Fetal Immune Reaction

Preterm Labor May Be Sparked by Fetal Immune Reaction

By Ruth Williams | April 25, 2018

Immune cells targeting maternal antigens are abundant in the blood of premature infants, suggesting fetal intolerance of mom may instigate early labor.  

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Rather than getting a gene for its original function, a horizontal gene transfer provides the raw material for evolutionary innovation.

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Drug-free environments, such as a designated ward in a hospital, might reduce the strength of selection for resistance.

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