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Researchers have been using ultrasound to control brain activity, but studies in mice and guinea pigs show it also stimulates the auditory system, presenting a confounder for direct neural stimulation.

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The finding confirms that a cluster of cells that directs the fate of other cells in the developing embryo is evolutionarily conserved across the animal kingdom.

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image: Could a Dose of Sunshine Make You Smarter?

Could a Dose of Sunshine Make You Smarter?

By Ruth Williams | May 17, 2018

Moderate ultraviolet light exposure boosts the brainpower of mice thanks to increased production of the neurotransmitter glutamate.  

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Researchers find a link between molecules released by commensal bacteria and the degree of inflammation in a mouse model of MS.

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A new statistical method finds that many genetic variants used to determine trait-disease relationships may have additional effects that GWAS analyses don’t pick up.

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Changes in gene activity levels after DBS appear to underlie improvements seen in a mouse model of Rett syndrome, a genetic disease that causes intellectual disability.

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image: RNA Moves a Memory From One Snail to Another

RNA Moves a Memory From One Snail to Another

By Ashley Yeager | May 14, 2018

Injecting molecules from a sea slug that received tail shocks into one that didn’t made the recipient animal behave more cautiously. 

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image: Origin of Frog-Killing Chytrid Fungus Found

Origin of Frog-Killing Chytrid Fungus Found

By Ruth Williams | May 10, 2018

DNA evidence points to Asian amphibians as the source of a fatal disease that has been wiping out frogs across the globe.  

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image: Ancient Humans Had Hepatitis B

Ancient Humans Had Hepatitis B

By Abby Olena | May 9, 2018

Analyses of more than 300 ancient human genomes show that Hepatitis B virus has infected humans for at least 4,500 years and has much older origins than modern viral genomes would suggest.

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image: Opinion: How We Found a New Way to Detect “Hidden Sharks”

Opinion: How We Found a New Way to Detect “Hidden Sharks”

By Stefano Mariani and Judith Bakker | May 7, 2018

Given the speed and efficiency of environmental (eDNA) sampling, a much larger portion of the sea can be screened, in a shorter time, for patterns of diversity.

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