The Literature

» physiology, microbiology and neuroscience

Most Recent

The flow of calcium and potassium ions keeps muscles contracting in the diaphragms of neonatal mice, but if a key protein receptor is missing, fatigue sets in more quickly.

0 Comments

image: Distinct Regions Drive Responses to Anxiety, Fear

Distinct Regions Drive Responses to Anxiety, Fear

By Catherine Offord | January 1, 2018

Researchers map brain activity associated with a person’s anticipation of or direct confrontation with danger.

1 Comment

image: Microglia Turnover in the Human Brain

Microglia Turnover in the Human Brain

By Shawna Williams | October 1, 2017

Researchers find that about a quarter of the immune cells are replaced every year.

1 Comment

image: Bone Marrow Isn’t the Only Source of Platelets

Bone Marrow Isn’t the Only Source of Platelets

By Ashley P. Taylor | June 1, 2017

Scientists have estimated that about half of murine platelet production occurs in the lungs.

1 Comment

image: Long-Term Memory Storage Begins Immediately

Long-Term Memory Storage Begins Immediately

By Kerry Grens | June 1, 2017

In mice, cells in the prefrontal cortex—where memories are maintained long-term—start to encode a fearful experience right from the start.

1 Comment

 Zebra finches reared by another species learn to sing their foster parents’ song with rhythms characteristic of their genetic background.

0 Comments

Zebra finches dial down dopamine signaling when they hear errors in a song performance.

0 Comments

Different assays lead to opposing conclusions on bacterial spores’ requirements during germination.

0 Comments

image: Antarctic Bacteria Latch Onto Ice with Molecular Fishing Rod

Antarctic Bacteria Latch Onto Ice with Molecular Fishing Rod

By Ben Andrew Henry | November 1, 2016

Researchers describe the first known bacterial adhesion molecule that binds to frozen water. 

0 Comments

image: Neural Network Found That Helps Control Breathing

Neural Network Found That Helps Control Breathing

By Catherine Offord | November 1, 2016

The results suggest that breathing is orchestrated by three—rather than two—excitatory circuits in the medulla.

0 Comments

Popular Now

  1. Prominent Salk Institute Scientist Inder Verma Resigns
  2. Dartmouth Professor Investigated for Sexual Misconduct Retires
  3. Theranos Leaders Indicted For Fraud
    The Nutshell Theranos Leaders Indicted For Fraud

    Federal prosecutors filed criminal charges that allege the company’s promise to revolutionize blood testing swindled investors out of hundreds of millions of dollars and put patients in danger.

  4. Probiotics Prevent Cholera in Animal Models