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Foundations

» neuroscience, culture, evolution and anatomy

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image: The Wada Test, 1948

The Wada Test, 1948

By Philip Jaekl | November 1, 2017

A decades-old neurological procedure developed under unique and difficult conditions in postwar Japan remains critical to the treatment of epilepsy.

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The 19th century biologist’s drawings, tainted by scandal, helped bolster, then later dismiss, his biogenetic law.

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image: Two-Photon Microscopy’s Historic Influence on Neuroscience

Two-Photon Microscopy’s Historic Influence on Neuroscience

By Alison F. Takemura | November 1, 2016

In the 1990s, the development of this gentler and more precise microscopy method improved scientists’ ability to probe neurons’ activity and anatomy.

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By ditching traditional agar-based media, two biochemists captured iconic images of Myxococcus in 1982.

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image: The First Neuron Drawings, 1870s

The First Neuron Drawings, 1870s

By Amanda B. Keener | October 1, 2015

Camillo Golgi’s black reaction revealed, for the first time, the fine structures of intact neurons, which he captured with ink and paper.

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image: Whaling Specimens, 1930s

Whaling Specimens, 1930s

By Amanda B. Keener | September 1, 2015

Fetal specimens collected by commercial whalers offer insights into how whales may have evolved their specialized hearing organs.

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image: The Body Electric, 1840s

The Body Electric, 1840s

By Jef Akst | November 1, 2014

Emil du Bois-Reymond’s innovations for recording electrical signals from living tissue set the stage for today’s neural monitoring techniques.

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image: A Visionary’s Poor Vision, 1685

A Visionary’s Poor Vision, 1685

By Jyoti Madhusoodanan | October 1, 2014

William Briggs’s theory of optic nerve architecture was unusual and incorrect, but years later it led to Isaac Newton’s explanation of binocular vision.

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image: Imaging Intercourse, 1493

Imaging Intercourse, 1493

By Rina Shaikh-Lesko | July 1, 2014

For centuries, scientists have been trying to understand the mechanics of human intercourse. MRI technology made it possible for them to get an inside view.

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image: Discovering Archaea, 1977

Discovering Archaea, 1977

By Abby Olena | March 1, 2014

Ribosomal RNA fingerprints reveal the three domains of life.

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