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Foundations

» history, neuroscience and evolution

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image: Discovering Archaea, 1977

Discovering Archaea, 1977

By Abby Olena | March 1, 2014

Ribosomal RNA fingerprints reveal the three domains of life.

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image: Palade Particles, 1955

Palade Particles, 1955

By Kerry Grens | February 1, 2014

Electron microscopy led to the first identification of what would later be known as ribosomes.

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image: Fantastical Fish, circa 1719

Fantastical Fish, circa 1719

By Abby Olena | January 1, 2014

A collection of colorful drawings compiled by publisher Louis Renard sheds light on eighteenth-century science.

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image: The Neuron Doctrine, circa 1894

The Neuron Doctrine, circa 1894

By Chris Palmer | November 1, 2013

Santiago Ramón y Cajal used a staining technique developed by Camillo Golgi to formulate the idea that the neuron is the basic unit of the nervous system.

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image: The Leprosy Bacillus, circa 1873

The Leprosy Bacillus, circa 1873

By Kate Yandell | October 1, 2013

A scientist’s desperate attempts to prove that Mycobacterium leprae causes leprosy landed him on trial, but his insights into the disease’s pathology were eventually vindicated.

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image: Lords of the Fly, circa 1910

Lords of the Fly, circa 1910

By Dan Cossins | September 1, 2013

In a cramped lab overflowing with fruit flies, Thomas Hunt Morgan and his protégés made the discoveries that laid the foundations of modern genetics.

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image: Flying Frog, 1855

Flying Frog, 1855

By Kate Yandell | May 1, 2013

Alfred Russel Wallace, Darwin’s unheralded codiscoverer of the theory of evolution by natural selection, found inspiration in the specimens he collected on his travels.

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"White-Blooded" Icefish, 1927

By Dan Cossins | April 1, 2013

A bizarre group of Antarctic fishes lost their red blood cells but survived to tell their evolutionary tale, revealing a fundamental lesson about the birth and death of genes.

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image: A Sea Dragon Revealed, 1823

A Sea Dragon Revealed, 1823

By Dan Cossins | March 1, 2013

A sharp-eyed fossil prospector and self-taught paleontologist, Mary Anning discovered several extraordinary Mesozoic marine reptiles.

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image: Slices of Life, circa 1872

Slices of Life, circa 1872

By Dan Cossins | January 1, 2013

A master of topographical anatomy, Christian Wilhelm Braune produced accurate colored lithographs from cross sections of the human body.

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