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image: Closing the Loop

Closing the Loop

By Amanda B. Keener | October 1, 2015

Micromanaging neuronal behavior with optogenetics

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image: Sugar Coma Model

Sugar Coma Model

By Ashley P. Taylor | October 1, 2015

How glucose fires up sleep-inducing neurons

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image: Mapping Corti

Mapping Corti

By Ruth Williams | September 3, 2015

The inner ear organ, from macro to micro

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image: Insulin's Role in Body and Brain

Insulin's Role in Body and Brain

By Oksana Kaidanovich-Beilin, Danielle S. Cha, and Roger S. McIntyre | December 6, 2012

Insulin, long recognized as a primary regulator of blood glucose, is now also understood to play key roles in neuroplasticity, neuromodulation, and neurotrophism.

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image: Ubiquitin Chains in Action

Ubiquitin Chains in Action

By Keith D. Wilkinson and David Fushman | July 1, 2012

Present in every tissue of the body, ubiquitin appears to be involved in a dizzying array of functions, from cell cycle and division to organelle and ribosome biogenesis, as well as the response to viral infection. The protein plays at least two role

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image: Ubiquitin basics

Ubiquitin basics

By Keith D. Wilkinson and David Fushman | July 1, 2012

Despite its discovery as a protein that seems to show up everywhere, at least in eukaryotic cells, researchers are only beginning to scratch the surface of all of the cellular functions involving ubiquitin. 

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image: Delivering New Genes

Delivering New Genes

By Jef Akst | June 1, 2012

Gene therapies typically involve the introduction of genetic material into target cells to replace or supplement an existing, usually dysfunctional, gene. 

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image: Telomere Basics

Telomere Basics

By Rodrigo Calado and Neal Young | May 1, 2012

Telomeres are repetitive, noncoding sequences that cap the ends of linear chromosomes. They consist of hexameric nucleotide sequences (TTAGGG in humans) repeated hundreds to thousands of times. 

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image: Designing Transition-State Inhibitors

Designing Transition-State Inhibitors

By Vern L. Schramm | May 1, 2012

A transition-state mimic has the power to bind an enzyme at its tipping point as strongly as any available inhibitor and more strongly than most, preventing enzymatic activity. 

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image: How Drugs Interact with a Baby’s Parts

How Drugs Interact with a Baby’s Parts

By Edyta Zielinska | March 1, 2012

A lot changes in a child’s body over the course of development, and not all changes occur linearly: gene expression can fluctuate, and organs can perform different functions on the way to their final purpose in the body. Here are some of the key deve

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