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image: Human-Specific Genes Implicated in Brain Size

Human-Specific Genes Implicated in Brain Size

By Abby Olena | May 31, 2018

Three members of a gene family called NOTCH2NL may have been involved in the evolution of humans’ big cortex.

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Genetic adaptations for human brain development also make us vulnerable to Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study.  

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image: Patent On Autism Genetic Test May Stifle Science

Patent On Autism Genetic Test May Stifle Science

By Jessica Wright | May 30, 2018

LabCorp might be able to charge a licensing fee to any scientists who wish to sequence the gene HOMER1 in people who may have autism.

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Complications during pregnancy may act via the placenta to magnify the effects of genetic risk factors.

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Researchers have been using ultrasound to control brain activity, but studies in mice and guinea pigs show it also stimulates the auditory system, presenting a confounder for direct neural stimulation.

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image: Deep Brain Stimulation Boosts Insulin Sensitivity

Deep Brain Stimulation Boosts Insulin Sensitivity

By Shawna Williams | May 24, 2018

One patient with diabetes was able to reduce his medication use while receiving targeted electrical pulses.

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image: What Made Human Brains So Big?

What Made Human Brains So Big?

By Ashley Yeager | May 24, 2018

Ecological challenges such as finding food and creating fire may have led the organ to become abnormally large, a new computer model suggests.

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Victoria, a southern white rhino at the San Diego Zoo, was impregnated by artificial insemination on March 22 and, if all goes well, will birth the calf in summer 2019.

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image: Image of the Day: <em>Xenopus</em> Pigment

Image of the Day: Xenopus Pigment

By The Scientist Staff | May 18, 2018

Researchers recently used CRISPR single-guide RNAs to alter genes involved in pigmentation in frog embryos.

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image: Could a Dose of Sunshine Make You Smarter?

Could a Dose of Sunshine Make You Smarter?

By Ruth Williams | May 17, 2018

Moderate ultraviolet light exposure boosts the brainpower of mice thanks to increased production of the neurotransmitter glutamate.  

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