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The discovery of copious new archaeal species is shedding light on the tree of life and revealing some unique cellular biology.

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image: Opinion: Archaea Is Our Evolutionary Sister, Not Mother

Opinion: Archaea Is Our Evolutionary Sister, Not Mother

By Patrick Forterre, Violette Da Cunha, and Morgan Gaia | June 1, 2018

The ancient organisms appear to be more closely related to eukaryotes than previously appreciated.

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image: Archaea Family Tree Blossoms, Thanks to Genomics

Archaea Family Tree Blossoms, Thanks to Genomics

By Amber Dance | June 1, 2018

Identification of new archaea species elucidates the domain’s unique biology and sheds light on its relationship to eukaryotes.

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image: Human-Specific Genes Implicated in Brain Size

Human-Specific Genes Implicated in Brain Size

By Abby Olena | May 31, 2018

Three members of a gene family called NOTCH2NL may have been involved in the evolution of humans’ big cortex.

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Genetic adaptations for human brain development also make us vulnerable to Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study.  

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image: Image of the Day: Water Flea

Image of the Day: Water Flea

By Sukanya Charuchandra | May 29, 2018

A species of water flea in northern Belgium that helps keep algae in check is growing smaller and less abundant in urbanized areas. 

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Proposed changes to the state’s school science standards would emphasize that parts of the theory are “not proven.”

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image: Present-Day Arboreal Birds Have Ground-Dwelling Past

Present-Day Arboreal Birds Have Ground-Dwelling Past

By Sukanya Charuchandra | May 24, 2018

A mass extinction event from an asteroid hitting Earth wiped out forests and, concurrently, tree-dwelling birds.  

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image: What Made Human Brains So Big?

What Made Human Brains So Big?

By Ashley Yeager | May 24, 2018

Ecological challenges such as finding food and creating fire may have led the organ to become abnormally large, a new computer model suggests.

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The finding confirms that a cluster of cells that directs the fate of other cells in the developing embryo is evolutionarily conserved across the animal kingdom.

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