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image: Human-Specific Genes Implicated in Brain Size

Human-Specific Genes Implicated in Brain Size

By Abby Olena | May 31, 2018

Three members of a gene family called NOTCH2NL may have been involved in the evolution of humans’ big cortex.

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image: Stressed Rodents Make Different Choices

Stressed Rodents Make Different Choices

By Katarina Zimmer | March 1, 2018

Chronic stress tweaks a circuit in the brain that influences how lab rodents make tough decisions. 

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Research into the biological basis of gender identity is in its infancy, but clues are beginning to emerge.

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image: Infographic: Searching for the Neural Basis of Gender

Infographic: Searching for the Neural Basis of Gender

By Shawna Williams | March 1, 2018

Brain studies have yielded a mixed picture of the neural similarities and differences between people of different genders.

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image: Pigeons Can Switch Tasks More Quickly than Humans

Pigeons Can Switch Tasks More Quickly than Humans

By Jef Akst | September 27, 2017

The birds’ ability to multitask may be attributable to a more densely packed cerebral cortex, scientists propose.

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image: Infection During Pregnancy Tied to Autism in Mouse Model

Infection During Pregnancy Tied to Autism in Mouse Model

By Kerry Grens | September 13, 2017

Bacterial strains in mice’s gut microbiomes mediated their pups’ risk for developing abnormal behaviors.

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image: Image of the Day: Cortical Lightning Storm

Image of the Day: Cortical Lightning Storm

By The Scientist Staff | July 18, 2017

Neurons in a mouse model of autism consistently fire in response to whisker agitation.

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image: Long-Term Memory Storage Begins Immediately

Long-Term Memory Storage Begins Immediately

By Kerry Grens | June 1, 2017

In mice, cells in the prefrontal cortex—where memories are maintained long-term—start to encode a fearful experience right from the start.

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image: Single-Cell RNA Sequencing Reveals Neuronal Diversity

Single-Cell RNA Sequencing Reveals Neuronal Diversity

By Catherine Offord | June 23, 2016

Using a new approach to analyze the transcriptomes of thousands of individual cell nuclei in postmortem brains, researchers identify multiple neuronal subtypes.

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image: Pioneering Neuroscientist Dies

Pioneering Neuroscientist Dies

By Kerry Grens | January 19, 2015

Vernon Mountcastle, who mapped the functional landscape of the neocortex, passed away at age 96.

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