Stem cells and cancer cells have enough molecular similarities that the former can be used to trigger immunity against the latter.
Algeria is set to build the first HIV/AIDS research center in Africa.
May 14, 2012|
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) is teaming up with researchers in Algeria to launch to the region’s first ever HIV/AIDS research center, with plans to be operational by next year, Nature reported.
The project will be funded almost entirely by the Algerian government, with UNAIDS paying researcher salaries. The center will be located in Tamanrasset, which was selected because of its proximity to the country’s southern border, across which immigrants from 48 different African nations travel on their way to Europe.
HIV prevalence in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is relatively low, but it’s growing quickly: the region has the second fastest rising incidence of HIV/AIDS, with the estimated number of HIV-positive adults and children increasing from 330,000 in 2001 to 580,000 in 2010, according to UNAIDS. (Eastern Europe and Central Asia has the fastest rate of increase.)
Algeria has taken recent steps to increase HIV/AIDS prevention, including offering free antiretroviral drugs in 60 locations across the country. But due to stigma in Algeria and the rest of the Arab world against with AIDS, many refuse testing or antiretroviral drugs. And with new infections on the rise, Othman Bourouba, director of AIDS Algerie, a local NGO that supports people living with HIV/AIDS, believes that some 20,000 Algerians could be infected.
Scientists from Africa, Europe, and the United States will all contribute to the center’s research, which will focus on the treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS. "The center will try to attract the best researchers working on prevention and treatment and will focus on robust exchange of information and collaborative research." Djamel Ould Abbès, health minister of Algeria, said the center's launch last month in Algiers.
May 14, 2012
Thanks for pointing out the error in this story. It has been fixed, and a correction appended. Thanks for your interest!
Jef Akst, editor, The Scientist
May 14, 2012
Africa's FIRSTÂ ever HIV/AIDS research centre?? Â Rubbish!! Â What about the Desmond Tutu HIV Research Centre at the University of Cape Town; CAPRISA, or the Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa in Durban, South Africa; the AIDS Virus Research Unit at the National Institute of Infectious Disease in Johannesburg? Â And that's just South Africa! Â Really, people, and especially Jef Akst, get your facts straight!