BRCA1 Linked to Brain Size

The breast cancer-associated gene may play a protective role in neural stem cells, a mouse study finds.

By | March 20, 2014

WIKIMEDIA, RAMAThe BRCA1 gene, most famous for its link to breast cancer risk, may also play a role in neural development and influence brain size, according to a study published this week (March 17) in PNAS. Researchers have long known that BRCA1-knockout mice die soon after birth, but did not fully understand why.

A team led by Inder Verma of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, had previously seen that BRCA1 is highly expressed in the neuroectoderm, which is populated with neural stem cells. So the researchers engineered mice in which BRCA1 was knocked out in just the neural stem cells. They found that the brains of these mice were a third the size of normal mouse brains, and had especially small regions for learning, memory, motor control and sensation. Mature mutant mice had severe ataxia.

Upon closer inspection, the researchers found that neural stem cells were dying off at a high rate. They showed that BRCA1 prevented DNA breaks and that without it, excessive DNA damage triggered cell destruction. Brain cells that did survive looked like disorganized and deformed cancer cells.

“This is important fundamental basic science about how the genome is protected in rapidly proliferating cells in the brain,” Huda Zoghbi, a neuroscientist at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, who was not involved with the study, told ScienceNOW.

Add a Comment

Avatar of: You

You

Processing...
Processing...

Sign In with your LabX Media Group Passport to leave a comment

Not a member? Register Now!

LabX Media Group Passport Logo

Popular Now

  1. A Newly Identified Species Represents Its Own Eukaryotic Lineage
  2. Telomere Length and Childhood Stress Don’t Always Correlate
  3. Optogenetic Therapies Move Closer to Clinical Use
  4. Research Links Gut Health to Neurodegeneration
    The Nutshell Research Links Gut Health to Neurodegeneration

    Rodent studies presented at the Society for Neuroscience meeting this week tie pathologies in the gastrointestinal tract or microbiome composition with Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases.

RayBiotech