The nationwide experiment will initially include around 100,000 volunteers.
The earthiness of Merlot may have to do with grapevine-dwelling microbiota.
March 25, 2015|
PIXABAY, MARKUSSPISKEThe fruits, flowers, and leaves on Merlot grapevines harbor bacterial taxa present in the surrounding soil, according to a study published this week (March 24) in mBio. Researchers suspect bacterial communities specific to a vine’s location may affect the flavor of wine made from those grapes.
“Where you grow that particular grapevine is the most important characteristic shaping which bacteria will colonize the plant,” study coauthor Jack Gilbert, a microbial ecologist at Argonne National Laboratory, said in a press release.
The idea of “terroir”—that the land shapes a wine’s qualities—is an old one, but Gilbert said that the microbiome is not usually included as one of the influencing factors. “From the wine industry’s perspective, terroir comes from the plant’s physiology, the chemical nature of the grapes, and the yeast that do the fermenting work,” he said. “We don’t have evidence that bacteria are specifically contributing to terroir, but our next step is to figure out how those bacteria are affecting the chemistry of the plant.”
Hat tip: Science News
March 26, 2015
"...our next step is to figure out how those bacteria are affecting the chemistry of the plant.”
Progress may then lead others to learn how the balance of viral microRNAs and nutrient-dependent microRNAs is linked to cell type differentiation in plants and animals via RNA-directed DNA methylation and RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions linked to the sun's biological energy.