ISTOCKThe academic publisher Springer Nature has blocked access within China to about 1,000 articles on topics such as the status of Tibet and the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, the Financial Times reported yesterday (October 31). Although the censorship affects less than 1 percent of the publisher’s material, which can still be read outside China, it is an illustration of how much clout the country’s central government can hold over international companies.
“It’s a symbol of how unprepared we are in the west for China’s influence expanding outwards,” Jonathan Sullivan of the University of Nottingham’s China Policy Institute, tells the Financial Times. “It’s about how we perceive our relationship with China and how much we value principles versus the instrumental benefits of pleasing the authorities in China.”
In a statement to the Associated Press, Springer Nature says that if it had not selectively blocked access to its politically sensitive articles, access to its entire SpringerLink website could have been blocked by China’s “Great Firewall.” If that were to happen, the publisher would join a long list of major international sites that are blocked. Google, for example, was blocked after announcing in 2010 that it would no longer censor its search results within China.
Reuters reports that at least one academic publisher has responded to pressure to move away from censorship: Cambridge University Press recently reversed a decision to remove about 300 articles from its Chinese site, after it was criticized by academics “as an affront to academic freedom.”