As new neurons differentiate from neural stem cells in the hippocampus, T cells and microglia are recruited to the neurogenic site. Following injury, macrophages stimulate remyelination of neurons.
During puberty, as hormones trigger the maturation of the rudimentary mammary ducts, macrophages and other immune cells migrate to the ducts’ tips, where they support rapid proliferation and duct branching.
Following an acute injury to the skeletal muscle, local and infiltrating immune cells remove damaged tissue, while T cells help spur the generation of new muscle cells.
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