Infographic: How AI Analyzes Cancer
Infographic: How AI Analyzes Cancer

Infographic: How AI Analyzes Cancer

The latest machine learning models can identify many visual and molecular features of a particular cancer. If the technology advances to the clinic, it could help diagnose patients and predict survival.

May 1, 2019
Amber Dance

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Scientists have been using two main forms of clinical data to predict cancer outcomes: images (either photographs, as in the case of skin cancer, or pathology slides) and -omes of various sorts. Applying ever-more sophisticated machine learning approaches to these datasets can yield accurate diagnoses and prognoses, and even infer how tumors evolve (yellow arrows). Now, scientists are finding that images can predict -omics (blue arrows). Combining the two data sources gives researchers even better predictions of how long a cancer patient will live (thick purple arrows). The ultimate goal of these algorithms, currently under development in basic biology labs, is to help doctors select treatments and forecast survival.

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