Neurogenesis in the Mammalian Brain

Neuron nurseries in the adult brains of rodents and humans appear to influence cognitive function.

Jef Akst
Jef Akst
Sep 30, 2015

In rodents, there are two populations of neural stem cells in the adult brain. The majority of new neurons are born in the subventricular zone along the lateral ventricle wall and migrate through the rostral migratory stream (RMS) to the olfactory bulb. About one-tenth as many new neurons are produced in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus (white) of the hippocampus.

© LAURIE O’KEEFE

In the rodent dentate gyrus, neural stem cells differentiate into neuroblasts before maturing and integrating with hippocampal circuits important in learning and memory.

© LAURIE O’KEEFE; ILLUSTRATIONS BASED ON L. VARELA-NALLAR, N.C. INESTROSA, (2013) FRONT CELL NEUROSCI, 7:100, 2013.

In the rodent subventricular zone, neural stem cells differentiate into neuroblasts, which make their way to the olfactory bulb, where they complete their development.

© LAURIE O’KEEFE; ILLUSTRATIONS BASED ON L. VARELA-NALLAR, N.C. INESTROSA, (2013) FRONT CELL NEUROSCI, 7:100, 2013.

Researchers have also demonstrated that neurogenesis...

© LAURIE O’KEEFE

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