Evolutionary Role of Left-handed Proteins
Professor Graham Cook's suggestion1 that serine in the primordial soup played a role in determining the left-handedness of amino acids in organisms is complemented by the possibility that this amino acid played a critical role in initiating evolution of the genetic code.2 Serine-containing peptides form hydrogen bonds to the nucleotide base cytosine, as shown in the accompanying formulation. The presence of serine codons largely in the cytosine column of the present code may then imply a derivation of the present code from the original.
National Institutes of Health
1. D. Bradley, "Serine at the start of life," The Scientist, 17:39, Sept. 8, 2003.
2. C.H. Niu et al., "Hydrogen bonding between cytosine and peptides of threonine or serine: Is it relevant to the origin of the genetic code?" Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 148:456,...