Not going into a detailed discussion here,2 I will just indicate the main problem. If, as it stays now, peer review remains anonymous, how do we know that people "selected" to perform it are indeed "knowledgeable"? By whom they are "selected" and how do we know that the selectors are themselves competent? And how do we render peer reviewers accountable for their (often erroneous) recommendations? At the very least we need an open review system when all key steps of research assessment are publicly open and no anonymity is tolerated.