A recent feature article in
For example, in the 1997–2001 time frame, China is listed as ninth in numbers of total publications1 and does not even show up on the footprint charts in the article. Yet a search of the
China ranks first, 14% higher than the United States in this crucial technology. In the top six countries, the Asian countries of China, Japan, and South Korea (7,894 publications) outproduce the Western nations of United States, Ger-many, and France (6,587 publications) by 20%. A decade ago, the United States (1,034 publications) outproduced China (271 publications) by 380%, and these same Western nations (2,481 publications) outproduced these same Asian nations (1,694 publications) by 46%.
While country bibliometric studies may be easier and faster to do at the country-aggregated technology level, the useful information for most decision-makers requires analysis of critical technologies at very detailed levels for countries of interest. Aggregation at the country level does become useful after the detailed technology analyses have been performed, and the relationships among these technologies as expressions of national policy can be assessed (i.e., connecting the dots, in the present vernacular).
Office of Naval Research